The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

crises and too little with sound accomplishments. Notwithstand-
ing his faults and limitations, Woodrow Wilson left a record of
worthy attainments that has stood the test of time. House served
the President and the nation in a unique way, and his work on
the whole was effective.
The study is well documented and carefully written. It should
have enduring value. RUPERT N. RICHARDSON
Hardin-Simmons University
History of Milam County, Texas. By Lelia M. Batte. San Antonio
(Naylor Company), 1956. Pp. xi+257. Map, illustrations,
index. $7.50.
The facts presented in Mrs. Batte's book on the history of
Milam County show evidence of thorough research. The main
sources of information for the book include the Milam County
courthouse records, the city council minutes of Cameron and
Thorndale, and interviews with several old pioneers of the county.
Many years were spent by the author in writing the book.
Milam County is located in east central Texas in the black
waxey soil area, thus the county is primarily agricultural. Water
is plentiful as the Brazos, Little, and San Gabriel rivers drain the
county. The author devotes a chapter to the location and descrip-
tion of the county.
Indians, friars, and empresarios all played a part in Milam
County's story. Several tribes of the Tonkawa Indians lived in
the area and lived off buffalo, deer, antelope, and smaller
animals. Lipan Apaches followed the buffalo to Milam County.
The presence of these Indians caused the Spanish priests to estab-
lish missions and presidios, and as early as 1748 a mission was
opened near the Brazos. Fray Francisco de los Dolores y Viana
founded the mission, and named it San Francisco Xavier de
Horcasitas. Several other missions were established and each
failed. By 1755 the Spaniards left Milam County to the Indians,
but about two hundred aborigines had been baptised into the
Catholic faith. Failure of the Indians to cooperate with the
Spaniards was a major cause of the evacuation.
In 1830 the Mexicans established Fort Tenoxtitlan on the west
bank of the Brazos in present Milam County, but it lasted only
two years before the Mexicans withdrew.


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 61, July 1957 - April, 1958. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed December 26, 2014.