The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959

Sam Houston and the Texas War Fever

and at about this same time the leader of the revolt in the north-
ern states, Antonio Canales, succeeded in gaining the adherence of
some one hundred and eighty Texans under Colonels Reuben
Ross and S. W. Jordan.9 Later President Lamar thought better
of allowing Texans to take part in such a revolt while treating
with the other side for a peace treaty. To recall them, he dis-
patched a small body of troops to northern Mexico. Colonel Ross
had been quarreling with the federalist leaders and had already
left for Texas. The federalists, seething at this action, turned on
their erstwhile confederates and annihilated this whole body of
troops sent by President Lamar. These actions with the federalists
heightened the hatred and distrust felt by Texans of all Mex-
icans.9a
More far-reaching in its influence on 'Texas than any direct
occurrence was the indirect benefit accruing from the federal re-
volt against the central government of Mexico. This general up-
heaval kept the central government well occupied, and it was not
until the collapse of the rebellion that Mexico thought seriously
of reconquering Texas. After the collapse of Canales' Republic
of the Rio Grande in November, 1840, Mexico, under Santa
Anna,1o was to have a period of relative peace and quiet. It was
inevitable, therefore, that Mexico should take more serious notice
of the rebellious colony to the north.
Another phase of the problem, which is of extreme importance
to the events of 1842, is the over-all economic state of the Texas
Republic. Texas had only one commodity-land. She had, by the
issuance of promissory notes backed up by land, cheapened her
currency which had no other commodity to support it. Since
Texas was of necessity an importing country, it was imperative
that she either have money or credit.11 Her paper money was
9H. H. Bancroft, History of the North Mexican States and Texas (2 vols.; San
Francisco, 1886-1889), II, 327.
9aBurnet to Treat, March 12, 1840, in George P. Garrison (ed.), Diplomatic
Correspondence of the Republic of Texas (3 vols.; Washington, 19o8-1911), II, 582.
loSanta Anna had become a hero once again by his abortive military action
against the French in 1838. The French, tired of waiting for payment on their debts
by Mexico, had invaded Vera Cruz. Santa Anna, in this engagement had lost a leg,
but regained leadership of Mexico.
11For the efforts of Texas to secure loans from abroad, see Ephraim D. Adams
(ed.), British Correspondence Concerning the Republic of Texas, 1838-z846 (Austin,

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/. Accessed September 23, 2014.