Notes and Documents
least equal fertility of soil as in the region of Fredericksburg
are to be found in the Society's grant, I am thoroughly convinced.
The unexpected peaceful behavior of the Indians, and espe-
cially that of the Comanches in the last few years,6 which made
it possible for a small group of German settlers from Darmstadt
to establish a settlement on the Llano,7 and the strong military
protection which the government of the United States offers
against possible outbreaks of the Indians, do not make it abso-
lutely necessary that the colonization of the Society's grant must
begin with larger town-like settlements, such as New Braunfels
and Fredericksburg, but make the immediate use of the many
small tracts of fertile soil along the rivers and in the more isolated
portions of the grant by the founding of farms appear to be safe
and without risk.
All these and many other conditions favorable to the settling
of the grant, which have come about since I left Texas, make it
very likely that the Society's grant will become the desirable goal
of settlers much sooner than could be anticipated a few years ago,
and that consequently the value of the land will increase in rapid
progression. In all events these conditions are of such a nature that
they must cause the shareholders of the Society to establish new
measures to protect themselves in their property and to secure
for themselves considerable profits therefrom.
It may certainly be more definitely expected that the Society
will adopt strong measures for the continuation of its undertak-
ing, since the uncertain and doubtful legal relations of the Society
to the grant have been changed recently in such a favorable man-
ner by an act passed by the legislative assembly in Austin, the
6This peaceful behavior of the Indians resulted from a treaty which John O.
Meusebach, second commissioner-general of the Society, made with Santana,
Mopechucope, and Pochanaquarhip, the head chiefs of the Comanches, on the San
Saba, at the time of the full moon on March 1 and 2, 1847, and ratified at Freder-
icksburg two full moons later. The fullest account of Meusebach's expedition into
the grant when this treaty was made is given in Roemer, Texas, 283-329. Other
accounts of the treaty are given in various books, to which footnote references are
given in Biesele, The History of the German Settlements in Texas, 183z-1861, pp.
7This settlement was named Castell after one of the principal members of the
Society and was located on the north or left bank of the Llano. Close by the settle-
ments of Leiningen and Schoenburg were presently founded.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/. Accessed March 28, 2015.