The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960

Ai 8&aluatiou of the Zexas avy
N IVY HILL CEMETERY, near Philadelphia, there lies a fallen
stone inscribed to the memory of a brave officer who fought
a battle off the coast of Yucatan in 1843 which ultimately
made possible westward expansion of the United States. The
inscription reads:
by his widow
in memory of
Edwin W. Moore
formerly Lieutenant
Navy of U. S. A.
Commodore of
Texian Navy
born July 15, 1810
died October 5, 1865
In the days when naval officers vied with one another in almost
foolhardy bravery before enemy fire and cutlasses, Edwin Ward
Moore surpassed the rest. An intensely patriotic man, he risked
not only his life, but also his future, his reputation, and even
his honor for the sake of his country.
In 1837 the Congress of the Republic of Texas began to buy
a splendid navy to force Mexico to recognize Texas independ-
ence. Moore, whose younger brother James had already immi-
grated to Texas, followed events in the Republic with interest.
By 1838 it must have looked to Edwin Moore as if Texas had
given up the idea of becoming one of the United States, and was
determined to remain independent.
The new Republic would need its navy. The Mexican Army
could not bring enough forces over the semi-desert region that
separated the two countries to fight a war; Texas could be recon-
quered, however, by a full scale invasion, supported by food,
ammunition, and reserves brought in by ships under the protec-
tion of the Mexican Navy. It would be the task of the Texas
Navy to prevent such an invasion, to capture new ships bound
for the Mexican Navy before they were delivered, to prevent the

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed May 25, 2016.

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