The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 65, July 1961 - April, 1962

Book Reviews

tain to Mohamet. Instead of the Texas Indian Papers being avail-
able at great expense of time and money to a few students of
history, any person for a nominal price may now bring that por-
tion of the Texas State Archives to his own fireside. The treasures
found therein are also available across the state to public school
and college students. The assistance to scholarship is incalculable.
The production of this volume is in the best tradition of the
'Texas State Archives in fulfilling the legislative mandate to make
the archives available to the public.
The comprehensive index, the fine maps, and choice illustra-
tions, as well as the professional manner of editing the volume
by Dorman Winfrey, to borrow from the symbolism of the cover,
surely indicate a star in the ascendancy in the scholarly world.
KENNETH F. NEIGHBOURS
Midwestern University
The Cattle Kings. By Lewis Atherton. Bloomington (Indiana
University Press), 1961. Pp. xii+3o8. Illustrations, map,
notes, index. $6.95.
Disturbed because, while there are many books on the Amer-
ican cowboy, there are relatively few on the cowboy's boss, Lewis
Atherton set out to give a composite picture of the early cattle-
man. He read histories of some of the big ranches and biographies
of their owners. He also found other source material, although
missing some of the obvious. By a process of analysis and reduc-
tion to common denominators, he brings out some of the main
characteristics of the pioneer ranchman.
The author, who teaches history at the University of Missouri,
believes that ranchmen
were far more important than cowboys in shaping cultural develop-
ments and were far more exciting. As hired hands on horseback
who compromised with their environment at relatively low levels, cow
hands exerted little influence on the course of American history.
On the other hand, ranchers tried to dominate their environment
and at least succeeded in modifying it.
He shows that, contrary to the Hollywood image, cattle kings
like John Chisum and Shanghai Pierce seldom carried guns. He
points out that many of them, like Charles Goodnight and the

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 65, July 1961 - April, 1962. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101195/. Accessed November 23, 2014.