The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

perpetual marker for the commons; and from this point I returned
to the extreme of the end of the cross forming the plan which looked
to the northwest and in this direction with the same cord, I measured
1,639Y2 varas. When I had finished the last measurement, I ordered
a hole dug and a large stone placed therein to serve as the marker
for the corner of the said commons. From this point I went to the
third extreme of the cross laid off for the first plan of the settlement
and to the southwest, I measured 1,912/4 varas. Markers and bounds
were placed as ordered by the superior dispatch. This increase was
made necessary in the three lines because it was not possible to lay
off lands for commons to the southeast of the town, for with the first
measurement of the plan for the town the banks of the San Antonio
River were reached, and this is to serve as the division and boundary
between this settlement and the missions-especially that of San
Antonio [the Alamo] which is separated from the presidio only by the
river. Therefore the three lines were increased so as to make the meas-
urement with the equality and justice ordered in the said dispatch.
In the said presidio on the 6th day of July, 1731, I . .. declare that,
in conformity with what has been commanded by the superior dis-
patch ... and for the exact fulfillment and execution of the third
measurement ordered made outside of the commons and to be used
as pastures and grazing lands for all kinds of stock, said lands being
required to have in each direction from the point where the commons
ended 2,186 varas, and as I had not been able to form the quadrilateral
to the southeast, I ordered the full amount laid off in the three re-
maining directions as required by the order dividing among them the
amount lacking. This division was made with all possible care for the
making of exact records, measuring first to the northeast from where
the commons ended 3,825/2 varas. When the last measurement was
made, I ordered a marker of large stones to serve as a perpetual
boundary for the pasture lands of the settlement. I then went to the
opposite extreme of the lands laid off for the commons and to the
southwest I measured another 3,8251/2 varas. There I also placed a
marker of stones. This was immediately facing Paso de Nogalitos on
the Arroyo lying in this settlement. This finished I went to the third
extreme of the lands measured off for the commons and to the north-
west I had 3,378 varas laid off for pastures. When the final measure-
ment had been made, I ordered a marker of large stones to serve
as a perpetual boundary, having thus completed the measurement
of the whole amount of land according to the conditions pre-
scribed for the laying off of the pasture and grazing lands. ... The
lands mentioned in this order were within the following boundaries:
on the northeast, from the head of the principal spring at the head
of the San Antonio River in a straight line to the spot called Arroyo
de Norillo; from this point along the quadrilateral west to a point

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed July 14, 2014.