The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Missouri's Confederate Capital in Marshall, Texas

conference Reynolds stopped in Shreveport for some days, and
there are several references in contemporary newspapers to his
stay there. Several articles mention a speech in that city, appar-
ently in his capacity as chairman of the Committee of Public
Safety, and one particularly mentions the favorable impression
Reynolds had made.1" He then left Shreveport for Little Rock
but en route received the news of the Confederate evacuation of
that city. After some three weeks in Arkadelphia, Arkansas, Reyn-
olds returned to Shreveport, to establish his headquarters there. He
found that city far too crowded by Smith's headquarters to be
suitable, and on November 5, i863, he sent his staff on to Mar-
shall, intending to follow; the press of business, however, detained
him in Shreveport.14 On November 25, he arrived in Marshall,
where he rented the home of Judge Asa Willie of the Supreme
Court of 'Texas, who was absent in Austin. Reynolds used this
home as an executive building. On December 5 he leased the
house of Mrs. Mary Key for use as the governor's mansion. The
house, grounds, and certain furniture were leased for the sum of
$225 per month to be paid in Confederate treasury notes. Pru-
dently inserted was a clause stating that if Marshall were placed
in danger of hostile incursion the lease could be terminated by the
"said Reynolds."
At the time of Reynolds' establishment there, Marshall was a
town of about two thousand persons and a kind of rear area head-
quarters of the Trans-Mississippi Department. It was a highly suit-
able place for his purposes, even though he frequently wrote of
its overcrowding and exorbitant wartime rents, as it was close
enough for reasonably easy communication with both General
Smith and General Sterling Price and the other Missouri com-
manders in southern Arkansas. The importance of Marshall was
emphasized by the fact that the following bureaus of the Trans-
Mississippi Department were either in operation there or were
established during the course of Reynolds' sojourn there: the
ordnance, quartermaster, subsistence, and medical bureaus, the
isThe South-Western (Shreveport), September 2, 1863.
14Kirkpatrick, "Missouri's Secessionist Government," Missouri Historical Review,
XLV, 134.
15The original copy of Reynolds' lease for the house, formerly known in Marshall
as the "Crawford House," is in the possession of Mrs. Dudley Crawford of Austin,
Texas.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed August 31, 2014.