The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Foreigners in the Principal Towns of Ante-Bellum Texas

manuscript census returns also shows that the percentage of for-
eign born in the total free population of San Antonio increased
from 39.0 to 47.1 per cent and in Houston from 32.o to 35.7 per
cent. Galveston, on the other hand, showed a decrease in the
percentage of foreigners in total population, falling from 48.0 per
cent in 1850 to 44.0 per cent in 186o, even though there were
eleven hundred more foreigners present in 186o than in 1850.
TABLE 1
FOREIGNERS IN PRINCIPAL TEXAS TOWNS, 1850-1860

Sa
Germans
Irish
Mexicans
English
French
Others
Total
Foreign
Total Free
Population
Percentage
of Foreigners
in Total

n Antonio
412
118
570
34
78
52

Galveston
1088
l08
8
157
110
122

1274 1593

3268

1850
Houston Brownsville*
425 ....
49 ....
6 ....
50 ....

598

3499 1869

39.0 48.0

32.0

Austin New Braunfels
60 951
6 1
2 1
8 o

.... 95 956
.... 629 1237

15.1

77.3

San Antonio
Germans 1477
Irish 310
Mexicans 1220
English 68
French 232
Others 294
Total
Foreign 3601
Total Free
Population 7643
Percentage
of Foreigners
in Total 47.1

Galveston
1613
344
10
300
182
249

186o
Houston Brownsville
816 50
241 37
17 1476
114 11
62 44
100 49

2698 1350 1667

Austin New
255
30
24
32
8
75

Braunfels
1001
1
o
2
16
20

424 1025

6129 3776 2727 2517 1740

44.0

35.7

61.1

16.8

58.9

*Cameron, Starr, and Webb counties were not enumerated separately in 185o but
were included as a part of the Rio Grande Valley. No population figures are
available for either the cities or counties of that area.

209

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed May 25, 2016.

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