Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Some immigrants came through other parts of the deep South.
For example, C. A. Nitche and his wife, who came to Austin
with two teen-age boys born in Germany, and two children
born in Alabama, had three younger children born in Texas.
Others came through the Northern states and moved southward
to Texas as several cases illustrate. The head of the Emmrich
family in Houston had been born in Baden, and the mother, in
Prussia; two daughters aged five and four had been born in In-
diana, one son had been born in Iowa, and a five-month-old
daughter had been born in Missouri.lo The mother, father, and
oldest son of the Carleton family of Austin had been born in
England, two younger children had been born in the District
of Columbia, and the youngest child had been born in Texas."
English-born W. R. Fayle of Houston had settled first in New
England, moved next to Pennsylvania, and then to Texas.'z
Living conditions of the newly arrived immigrants varied
considerably from area to area and from family to family. As in
the case of other parts of the lower South considerable segments
of the foreign population were found in the commercial areas of
Texas towns.'" And as in other parts of the lower South and Europe
small business houses frequently quartered both the family of the
proprietor and his employees. Other foreign employees lived in
the nearby hotels and boarding houses, which were themselves fre-
quently owned or operated by aliens. There cosmopolitan popula-
tions lived side by side; for example, the thirty-one occupants of
Galveston's Eagle Hotel in 186o included eight Irishmen, four
Germans, three Englishmen, one Scot, and one Italian.'4 A board-
ing house in Houston operated by Bavarian-born Henry Koenig
included seventeen boarders, all foreign.'5 The Columbia Hotel
in Galveston operated by Irish-born Joe Dougerty housed four-
teen roomers, of whom all but one were foreign born or children
9lbid., Travis county, City of Austin, 62.
lOIbid., Harris county, City of Houston, 2nd Ward, 96.
"Ibid., Travis county, City of Austin, 77.
12Ibid., Harris county, City of Houston, 4th Ward, 153.
laWeaver, "Foreigners in Ante-Bellum Towns," Journal of Southern History, XIII,
14Manuscript returns, Schedule No. i, Free Inhabitants, United States Census,
186o, Galveston county, City of Galveston, 2nd Ward, 65-66.
16Ibid., Harris county, City of Houston, 4th Ward, 172-173.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed September 21, 2014.