The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Foreigners in the Principal Towns of Ante-Bellum Texas

shows a breakdown of all occupations listed for foreign males aged
eighteen or above in the city of Houston. Tables 3 and 4 show
similar occupational breakdowns for sample wards of Galveston
and San Antonio in 186o. There were in all of the towns numer-
ous German brewers and barkeepers, Mexican cigar makers,
French cooks, German bakers, Polish servant girls, Irish porters
and chambermaids, and Swiss watchmakers. More unusual occupa-
tions included a Mexican sportsman, an Italian stage driver, a
Mexican grave digger, an English ginger pop maker, a German
"rover," and a German operator of a house of ill repute.
Foreigners were found distributed all along the social-economic
ladder of Texas towns, as indicated in Table 5, which shows prop-
erty holdings of foreigners in Houston for 186o. In the federal
census for Houston 294 foreigners were listed as holders of real
property and 297 as holders of personal property. Thus about
one-fourth of the total foreign born population in Houston were
TABLE 5
PROPERTY HOLDING OF FOREIGNERS IN HOUSTON, 186o
REAL PROPERTY
Amount Held Germans Irish English French Others Totals
Less than $500 38 1 3 1 1 44
$5oo-less than $1,ooo 51 1 5 4 3 64
$1,ooo-less than $5,000 75 23 11 4 19 132
$5,ooo-less than $1o,ooo 16 2 3 2 4 27
$1o,ooo-less than $25,000 6 5 2 3 1 17
$25,000 and over 2 1 2 2 3 10
Totals 188 33 26 16 31 294
PERSONAL PROPERTY
Amount Held
Less than $500 84 12 7 11 9 123
$5oo-less than $i,ooo 26 3 7 1 1 38
$1,ooo-less than $5,000 53 17 8 4 12 94
$5,ooo-less than $1o,ooo 12 2 2 6 4 26
$1o,ooo-less than $25,000 4 1 o 1 5 11
$25,ooo and over o 1 3 o 1 5
Totals 179 36 27 23 32 297

215

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed July 31, 2014.