The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

accepted by the president in companies, battalions, squadrons, or
regiments-not as individuals. When war came, the president or
his agent would place a requisition on a state. The governor, in
turn, operating through his adjutant general, would authorize a
man to enroll each company needed and would, if need be, author-
ize other men at the field grade level to aid and direct the enroll-
ment of a group of companies. When the companies were recruited
to the required strength, they would report to the state adjutant
general, who then would order the units to proceed to a rendez-
vous point which had been designated by a representative of the
army. There a mustering officer would officially receive the organ-
izations into the service of the United States, the whole procedure
being an outgrowth of the president's authority to call on the
states for militia units, organized and supposedly trained. The
sequence sketched explains how the handling of volunteers was
intended to work, but if the procedure had worked so every time,
there would be little interest in trying to reconstruct the story of
the companies in Colonel Harney's second call on Texas for
mounted volunteers.
Upon receiving the colonel's letter of June 26, approving the
raising of the frontier companies, Governor Horton initiated the
action just outlined. Early in July he authorized Shapley P. Ross
to raise a company of mounted men to be stationed near Bryant's
Fort on Little River. On the same day he sent similar authority to
John G. Grumbles to raise a company for service near Austin, to
Thomas I. Smith to raise one for location near the three forks of
the Trinity River, and to Andrew Stapp to raise one for service in
Dallas and Collin counties.8 Jogged by the colonel in his impa-
tience to be off for the Rio Grande," Governor Horton ex-
plained his delay in choosing a man to enroll the Castroville com-
pany by writing that he wished to make that decision when he
visited San Antonio in a few days.'0 Quite likely on the recommen-
dation of someone living in Castroville or San Antonio, the gov-
ernor gave John H. Conner authority to raise the fifth company."
8Horton to each man named, July 2, 1846, ibid., 6-8. The record is in error, for
Smith was stationed on the Brazos and Stapp on the Trinity.
*Harney to Horton, July 6, 1846, ibid., 52.
1oHorton to Harney, July io, 1846, ibid., 13.
"1Horton to Conner, July 17, 1846, ibid., 14.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed April 21, 2014.