The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Five Texas Frontier Companies

Companies could be created quickly even in the thinly occupied
western areas and despite the fact that each man accepted had
to furnish a satisfactory horse and weapon. By July io Captain
Grumbles had thirty-two men in his company;12 five days later he
needed only five or six men to reach his required figure.'8 At the
end of three weeks his rolls were filled.4 In spite of his late start,
Captain Conner had enrolled his company by July 29,15 four days
before the last one, Captain Smith's, was completed."6
With the companies assembled, the next step should have been
orders to report for muster into service of the national govern-
ment, the simple matter, it would seem, of a designated officer's
verifying the physical presence of each man whose name ap-
peared on the roster, together with his mount and equipment.
Colonel Harney had informed the governor that he would send
an officer to muster in the three companies farthest north as
soon as he could after learning of their readiness,'7 the nearer
companies apparently being considered no problem. Before the
formality had been taken care of, however, the colonel, taking
almost all of the regulars and the eight companies of Texas
volunteers which he had already gathered at San Antonio, started
for the Rio Grande.'s
Colonel Harney's successor in command of the San Antonio
garrison was Lieutenant Colonel Thomas T. Fauntleroy, who,
upon recovering from an illness, sought to complete the induc-
tion of the frontier companies. He wrote Governor Horton to
explain that he knew nothing of the details of the pending
muster and to ask for a copy of the original requisition. He
also stated that Captain Henry W. Merrill would leave San
Antonio on July 30 to muster the troops in Austin and on the
12Horton to Harney, July 1o, 1846, ibid., 13.
18Texas Democrat (Austin), July 15, 1846.
14Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the
Mexican War in Organizations from the State of Texas (Microcopy, Records
of the National Archives), No. 278 (1958), Roll 17. Hereafter cited as Compiled
Service Records.
15Ibid., Roll 16.
1elbid., Roll 1g.
17Harney to Horton, July 26, 1846 (MS., Executive Record Book, Archives,
Texas State Library), III/28, pp. 49-50.
18Thomas T. Fauntleroy to Horton, July 28, August io, 1846, ibid., 53, 63.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed September 20, 2014.