Southwestern Historical Quarterly
dying declarations that they intended to kill all the people in this
section, and when the Northern army came in, they would be
quieted in their titles to the homesteads of those killed and
driven from the state.
They expected this result as the legitimate tendency of their
zealous cooperation and harmonious action with the invading
armies of the North which, they supposed, would reward their
fidelity to the flag of the nation by a system of confiscation and
agrarianism, which too often, as history shows, attends the tri-
umphs of the conquer[er] over the conquered. Their own volun-
tary confessions prove this beyond dispute.
Many of those engaged and belonging to the "Order,"' some
tried and found guilty, some acquitted, and others who fled the
country, came from the State of Kansas, where but a few years
before no doubt they had been engaged in the domestic troubles
of that Territory. And it appears from their operations in Texas
that they designed in the outset to form a nucleus around which
might gather from all sources and all parties a body of sufficient
power and influence to produce a like degree of domestic violence
in the section which had but recently given way to legitimate and
organized government in that state.
Many who participated in the operation of the "Order," and
nearly all the leaders, came to the section but a few years or
months previous to the organization; and though coming from
different quarters, there appeared to exist a congenial sentiment
between them from their first acquaintance, which finally resulted
in a combined movement for the accomplishment of the objects
And but for the prompt and decisive action of the people in
thwarting their design, it may reasonably be supposed that the
scenes of Kansas would have been reenacted on Texas soil. The
people of this section viewed with great alarm the dangerous
tendency of a concentration of this class of citizenship in their
'The group of Union sympathizers in Cooke and other North Texas counties,
banded together in behalf of the restoration of the Federal Union, are referred
to variously by Diamond as the "Order," "Organization," and "Institution." This
Yankee underground, or resistance group, may have been an outgrowth, in part,
of the secret Abolitionist group active in North Texas in 1858-1860.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed February 27, 2015.