The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Diamond's Account of the Great Hanging

by duly appointed messengers, properly laid before military com-
mandants in the Federal Army, and their cooperation secured.
In reply to the assurances made by these couriers, that Texas was
vulnerable and utterly defenseless, the Federal Officers, very nat-
urally engaged to assist them. But, aid from this source coming too
slow, and finally becoming doubtful, whether it [would] come at
all, the organization turned its attention to the Indians and opened
correspondence with them.
After some time had elapsed in perfecting thiero plans, opera-
tion began about the middle of August 1862. The hostile Indian
tribe (s) begun [sic] to make demonstration upon Fort Cobb,
which caused the Chickasaw Battalion stationed there to retire to
Fort Arbuckle, and a general rush of citizens back into the in-
terior. In consequence of this formidable attack, it was naturally
and reasonably expected that the militia of the border counties
would be called out to drive back the savage, which was accord-
ingly, and very promptly, done by Brig. Genl. Wm. Hudson."
Thus the traitors saw their plans working admirably.
It was understood among them that they should all respond to
the call, apparently in good faith; and when the militia were or-
dered far beyond the limits of Texas, those who were necessarily
in the ranks, upon a given signal and signs from the enemy, should
band together and turn their weapons upon their neighbors;
while as many as possible were to remain at home [to] take advan-
tage of the helpless condition of the country and murder, pillage
and destroy; and if, finally, unable to hold the country, they were
to join their friends in the enemy's camp.
10A consistent idiosyncrasy in Diamond's manuscript is the misspelling of the
possessive pronoun "their." All subsequent instances have been corrected.
"William Hudson was born in South Carolina in about 1820o and settled in
Cooke County in the 1850's after living for several years in Missouri. He and his
wife Mary Jane are listed as family no. io in the 186o census of Cooke County,
in which he is described as a "Land Locater." When the Texas legislature in
December, 1861, passed a general act to put the state upon a war footing, he was
appointed a brigadier general in command of one of the thirty-six brigade dis-
tricts created by the act. He was placed in command of District 1, which included
Cooke, Montague, Jack, and fourteen other northwestern counties, with headquarters
in Gainesville. Clifford D. Cates, Pioneer History of Wise County (Decatur, 1907),
117. On disclosure of the "Peace Party Conspiracy" in late September, 1862, he
declared martial law in the district and issued orders requiring every able-bodied
man not already in the military service to report for duty. Elliott, "Union Sentiment
in Texas, 1861-1865," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, L, 451.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed August 30, 2015.