The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Diamond's Account of the Great Hanging

greater magnitude might have been built upon it. But, as their
success could only have been commensurate with the success of
northern arms in this quarter, it is not probable that they would
ever have added another degree to their ritual, or another oath,
to bind the consciences of men.
It is thought by many, however, that the scheme compre-
hended, as its ultimatum, the organization of a free state embrac-
ing northwestern Texas and the Chickasaw and Choctaw Nations-
thus annihilating the only Indian tribes faithful and true to
the South.
COUNTERACTING MOVEMENTS
About the first of September, 1862, the first steps were taken to
ferret out the designs of the domestic enemy and devise measures
of protective defense. It was only a short time previous to this
that the people had ascertained that these restless men had
really organized for their destruction and that they were bound
together by the most solemn oaths to execute their wicked
purposes.
This fact was ascertained beyond doubt from a gentleman who
had received propositions to go into the order, accompanied with
promises of a rich reward in the way of plunder and exemption
from all liability to aid and support the cause of the South.
Accordingly, Genl. Wm. Hudson, Col. James Bourland," Col.
"James G. Bourland, born in South Carolina in 1803, settled in the Red River
Valley in Texas during the Republic of Texas. He was appointed collector of
customs for the Red River District in 1842. On the outbreak of the Mexican War
he helped William C. Young raise a regiment of 1,ooo volunteers in the Red River
area. Bourland was appointed its lieutenant colonel. He served as a state senator
in the First and Second Legislatures of the State of Texas. In 1856 he was con-
ducting a general store in Bourland's Bend of the Red River in Cooke County in
partnership with Austin Brooks. The 186o census of Cooke County lists him as a
fifty-seven-year-old farmer.
Upon the secession of Texas Bourland returned to military service and subse-
quently commanded a regiment organized for the protection of the northern
frontier of Texas against marauding Indians and federal guerrillas. Units of his
regiment were stationed on the Red River, principally at Preston in Grayson
County and at old Warren in Fannin County. He died in 1868. Mattie Davis Lucas
and Mita Holsapple Hall, A History of Grayson County, Texas (Sherman, 1936),
87, 128; Biographical Souvenir of the State of Texas (Chicago, 1889), 98.

351

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed July 24, 2014.