Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Mexico provided the most convenient avenues to New Orleans
and Federal forces.
The unionists left Kerr County between August i and 3.14
Of the sixty or so men to defect none were over thirty-five years
of age, and according to one source, probably inaccurate, were
"fully equipped with rifles and sixshooters.""
Captain Duff was informed of the departure of the Germans
and their comrades and arranged to have them pursued. Con-
flicting statements indicate that a local inhabitant, either through
treachery, naivete, or coercion, revealed Tegener's plans.l
The pursuit of the unionists by Confederate troops is aptly
related by R. H. Williams, an Englishman serving as an enlisted
soldier in Captain Duff's company of Texas Partisan Rangers.
The special detachment in which Williams served during the
pursuit was commanded by Lieutenant C. D. McRae and con-
sisted of approximately one hundred mounted troops of various
units. Represented among them were Captain Duff's company of
partisan rangers, Captain Davis' company of state troops, and
Taylor's Battalion." The officers in charge of Duff's specially
commissioned company were characterized by Williams: Lieuten-
ant C. D. McRae of the partisan rangers was a well-qualified and
respected officer; Lieutenant Harbour, of the same unit, was well-
liked by the men but was noted as a disciplinarian; Lieutenant
Luck, an ex-horse trader and stable-keep from San Antonio, was
uneducated, a one-time unionist turned secessionist, and unfit
Antonio, 1929), 36; report of Lieutenant C. D. McRae, August io, 1862, Oficial
Records, Series I, Vol. IX, 616.
14Jacob Kuechler account in Ransleben, A Hundred Years of Comfort in Texas, 96.
isSchwethelm-Doebbler account in ibid., 91.
1sThe Sansom and Schwethelm-Doebbler accounts refer to a traitor [Burgeman].
Ibid., 90o-91. Williams mentions a prisoner who was released and informed and also
a tavern-keep in Fredericksburg who visited and drank with Duff. Williams, With
the Border Ruffians, 237-238. In Biggers, German Pioneers, 58, a Charles Bergmann
is identified as the informant; Bergmann was later killed by a Seminole Indian-
Negro while leading a band of renegades.
17The size of the force is recorded in Williams, With the Border Rufians, as
one hundred; in several of the accounts in Ransleben, A Hundred Years of Comfort
in Texas, 91, 112; and in report of Lieutenant C. D. McRae, August 18, 1862,
Official Records, Series I, Vol. IX, 614. McRae officially states, "94 men, rank and
18Williams, With the Border Ruffians, 244.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed May 6, 2015.