Southwestern Historical Quarterly
few men, who joined him. The Americans also sent an exploring
party to the bay, and Capt. McFarland, with his scouts went to the
Mission of Refugio89 and captured a garrison of sixteen men, com-
manded by an old Castillian officer, who afterwards joined the Amer-
ican ranks with his men, Governor Salcedo having refused to exchange
the 6 American prisoners for him and his men. All the American
parties having returned to the fort, and H. Greg who came in with
a few Lipan Indians also joined himself.90 They marched out on the
16th of March for San Antonio,91 with a force of about two hundred
and seventy Americans-two hundred Mexicans and thirty Cooshattie
Indians without cannon or baggage wagons-each man being his own
commissary, carrying everything he possessed on his back-provision,
ammunition and live stock. The latter was very numerous and an-
noying, tormenting the poor tired soldier during the night, and if
they failed to get an ample supply of food, they would nible [sic]
and bite him on the march-many of the men not having a second
shirt, were eaten raw on the back and shoulders by these Mexican
CONTENTS-The Americans met at the Salado and surprise by
Gen. Salcedo-Charge of the American forces-Contest-Entire de-
feat of the Spaniards-Surrender of Salcedo and others-Take San
Antonio-Bernardo Gaerteras massacres the prisoners.
The Americans were met near the Salado, on the fourth day, by
the entire male population of Texas, commanded by Gov. Salcedo,
that the expedition at La Bahia had been captured by the Spanish. Shaler to
Monroe, January lo, 1813, Shaler Papers; John Henry Brown, History of Texas:
z685-z892 (2 vols.; St. Louis, 1892), 57.
8"Nuestra Sefiora del Refugio Mission had been founded in 1793 near the mouth
of the Guadalupe River, approximately twenty-seven miles south-south-east from
La Bahia. Castafieda, Catholic Heritage, V, 80.
"oIn Irene Viesca, H. H. McLane gives this name as H. Gregg. Nothing further
has been found concerning him. McLane, Irene Viesca, 87.
81Hall says that the Americans left La Bahia on March 25, while Gutierrez says
they moved out on the 16th. This is probably the more reliable figure, being
given within a month of the event. Sibley received a report that the Americans were
in poor shape for the pursuit as horses were scarce and in poor condition. Ross says
that the Americans moved on the 18th with about 6oo effective men, while Gutier-
rez says that their strength was 90g, of whom only 600 were effective. Hall. The
Mexican War of Independence in Texas, 1812-13, in Gulick and others, Lamar
Papers, IV, Pt. 1, 280; Gutierrez de Lara to the Mexican Congress, August 1, 1815,
ibid., I, 13; unknown to Sibley included with Shaler to Monroe, April 3, 1813; and
Gutierrez to Shaler, April 11, 1813, included with Shaler to Monroe, May 14,
1813, Shaler Papers.
"This installment appears in the San Antonio Tri-Weekly Alamo Express, Feb-
ruary 11, 1861.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed December 9, 2013.