The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Votes aid DocutMCHts
A Descrition of Zeas im Io03
Translated and edited by O D I E FA U L K
Report which Lieutenant Colonel Don Juan Bautista Elgudzabal,
Governor of the Province of Texas, makes to the Sefior Commandant-
General as to the extent, population, and occupations of the inhabi-
tants of it, with emphasis on the Branches of agriculture in which
they work.1
The province of Texas, whose extent until now has ignored a fixed
point, is confined to three small centers of population, to wit: San
Antonio de B6xar, Bahia del Espiritu Santo, and the settlement of
Nacogdoches-the first the capital, the second a presidio situated
a distance of fifteen leagues to the southeast on the coast, and the
third located near the boundary of Louisiana.
The villa of San Fernando de Bexar, also called Presidio de San
Antonio de Bexar, is composed of 2,500 souls, including the troops. It
is located on the very fertile banks of a river, and is susceptible to
singular blessings which are not realized because of the general poverty
of the inhabitants. They have restricted their work to the raising of
corn, not as much as they are capable of-as experience has demon-
strated-for in years of abundant harvests they waste part for lack of
hard work; as to beans, chile, and some sugar cane, all they are ac-
customed to producing is enough for their annual maintenance, except
the last which benefits two or three individuals who make small por-
tions of sugar. The rest they sell or eat.
They have never learned to manufacture textiles or rope, nor is
there any raising of cotton. There is so little wool that its owners
send it to Saltillo to sell it because there are not yet ten thousand
head of sheep living in this province. No one recognizes that raising
them would result to his benefit. There is no wheat nor flour mills;
other branches of agriculture are entirely foreign here. The same is
true of the arts of every class. They suffer a damaging shortage of
lElgubzabal, Ynforme que el Teniente Coronel Dn Juan Bautista Elguezabal
Govor de la Prova de Texas haze al Sor Comte Gral de la extension, poblacion y
ocupacion de los habitantes de ella con expresion de los Ramos de agricultura en
que se exercitan, June so, 1803, San Antonio, Bexar Archives, Archives, University
of Texas Library.
"An error; the governor meant forty leagues.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed September 20, 2014.