Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Captain Duff continued to persecute the Fredericksburgers.
In numerous accounts it is maintained that there were at least
twenty murders of unionists in the area before and after the
Nueces River affair.3s Duff's detachment returned to San Antonio
in late June, 1862;"9 his activity had its effect on the German pop-
ulation in so far as perfunctory allegiance was concerned. Volun-
tary expatriation, unionist assemblies, and attacks on enrolling
officers continued, especially to the southeast in Austin, Colorado,
and Fayette counties;40 however, after January, 1863, overt hos-
tility toward the Confederacy virtually disappeared. Resistance
became passive and the Texas Germans contented themselves with
welcoming Confederate military defeats.41
Pro-Federal sentiment among Texas Germans continued
throughout the Civil War and into the Reconstruction period.
Several participants in the Nueces affair, as well as other hill
country Germans, served Governor E. J. Davis and the radical
cause in constitutional conventions and as elected and appointed
8sWilliams, With the Border Ruffians, 258-259.
89A week's recuperation was allowed McRae's detachment at Fort Clark before
reporting to San Antonio. Ibid., 254; Captain Duff to Major Gray, June 23, 1862,
Official Records, Series II, Vol. IV, 787.
40oAustin County disaffection is recorded in A. J. Bell to Major J. P. Flewellen,
November 28, 1862, Official Records, Series I, Vol. XV, 887, 890, 925-926; Major
J. P. Flewellen to Captain E. P. Turner, December 4, 1862, ibid., 886. Later dis-
turbances were reported in La Grange. A. J. Bell, January 3, 1863, ibid., 925;
General W. G. Webb to Major A. G. Dickinson, January 4, 1863, ibid., 926-928.
Martial law was declared in Colorado, Fayette, and Austin counties in January,
1863. Major General J. B. Magruder to Colonel S. S. Anderson, January 9, 1863,
ibid., 936-937. All foreigners were ordered by General Magruder to be assigned
to units serving outside of Texas. Captain E. P. Turner to Major J. P. Flewellen,
December 6, 1862, ibid., 890.
4lGovernor Lubbock's proclamation of January 4, 1863, demanded that all those
hostile to the Confederate cause disband any organizations dedicated to unionism,
subject to trial. Proclamation by Governor Francis R. Lubbock, January 4, 1863,
Executive Record Book, January-November, 1863 (MS., Archives, Texas State
Library), 20. By February the crisis of active unionism had subsided. Major General
J. B. Magruder to F. R. Lubbock, February 11, 1863, Official Records, Series I,
Vol. XV, 974, 975; Elliott, "Union Sentiment in Texas," Southwestern Historical
Quarterly, L, 476.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed August 2, 2014.