The Battle of Calcasieu Pass
diverse backgrounds which had brought the four small units
together. Scouting in advance of the column was a single company
of Daly's cavalry battalion. It had recently been enlarged from
an unattached company organized in 1862 and was as yet untried
in combat." Following the horsemen were portions of two infantry
units. Griffin's own men of the 21 st Texas Infantry Battalion, three
companies of which were present, had been raised in May, 1862,
and since then had served on the Texas coast. They had been in
action at the recapture of Galveston and in a skirmish at Sabine
Pass during early 1863.9 Four companies of Spaight's Battalion
comprised the real veterans of Griffin's command. Spaight's men,
recruited in November, 1861, had since then served on the Texas
coast and in western Louisiana, taking part in the Sabine Pass
naval affair of January, 1863, and in the battle of Bayou Fordoche
in September, 1863.10 Creuzbaur's Battery, Griffin's artillery con-
tingent, was a unit of questionable value on the basis of past
reputation and lack of experience. The cannoneers, primarily
German immigrants to Fayette County where the battery was
raised in the fall of 1861, had seen only garrison duty in the Rio
Grande Valley until the fall of 1863 when the battery because
of its poor condition was sent to central Texas for refitting.-
Estimates of Griffin's command varied as to strength which can
SBrigadier General P. O. H6bert to Brigadier General H. H. Sibley, August 8,
1862, War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union
and Confederate Armies (70 vols. in 128; Washington, 1880-1901), Series I, Vol.
IX, 731; report of Colonel Leon Smith, September 8, 1863, ibid., Series I, Vol.
XXVI, Pt. 1, 30o8.
9Colonel A. W. Spaight to Major H. F. Martin, March 14, 1865 [A history of
Spaight's Regiment], A. W. Spaight Papers (MS., Archives, University of Texas
Library); report of Major General John Bankhead Magruder, February 26, 1863,
Official Records, Series I, Vol. XV, 214; Report of Lieutenant Colonel W. H.
Griffin, April 28, 1863, ibid., 402-404.
loReports of Lieutenant Colonel A. W. Spaight, September 26, November 3,
1862, ibid., 144-145, 18o-181; report of Major General John Bankhead Magruder,
January 24, 1863, ibid., 238; Colonel A. W. Spaight to Major H. F. Martin, March
14, 1865, A. W. Spaight Papers (MS., Archives, University of Texas Library);
History of Spaight's Regiment, A. W. Spaight Papers (typescript, Archives, Univer-
sity of Texas Library; George W. O'Brien Diary, September 29, 1863 (typescript,
Archives, University of Texas Library).
11Bellville Countryman, September 25, 1861; Hibert to Sibley, August 8, 1862,
Oficial Records, Series I, Vol. IX, 731; Captain W. A. Alston to Brigadier General
H. P. Bee, November 22, 1863, ibid., Series I, Vol. XXVI, Pt. 2, 436.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed April 19, 2015.