The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Notes and Documents

and subsistence for one year at the king's expense. This included
equipping them with the necessary animals for traveling and for
cultivating the land after the settlement was made. After a two
months' halt at Cuauhtitlan, all was made ready for the advance
into Texas by way of Saltillo, where supplies and animals were to
be furnished the travelers. Among the supplies issued to them
were eighty-eight horses; seventy-seven mules, twenty-seven of
which were required to carry the stock of biscuits, meat, and other
food; four mules to carry implements for farming, such as plows,
axes, and pickaxes; household goods including a metate for each
family; and sixteen yoke of oxen.
On November 30o, 1730, the date on which the Islanders set
out for Texas, the viceroy issued the following:
Order for the Establishment of San Antonio
Don Juan de Acuna, etc. ... I now command the governor of the
province [of Texas] Don Juan Antonio Bustillo y Bustamante, or in
the case of his absence, his failure to act, or of any impediment, the
captain of the presidio of San Antonio to go, as soon as the families
shall arrive, taking such persons of intelligence as may be available,
to examine the site a gunshot's distance to the western side of the
presidio, where there is a slight elevation forming a plateau suitable
for founding a very fine settlement. Because of its location it will have
the purest air, and the freshest water flowing from two springs or
natural fountains situated on a small hill a short distance northeast
from the presidio of Bexar. From these are formed, on the east, the
San Antonio River, and, on the west, the small river called the Arroyo
which flows to the south. These two rivers unite eight or nine leagues
from their sources, and before joining the Medina River. Between
the two streams the presidio is built. East of the river is the mission
of San Antonio; while to the west of it is the mission of San Jos6 from
which one can go to the presidio without crossing the river; and since
there is a church there which they can visit for that purpose until a
church is built for them, these families may attend the mass and other
Catholic services without the trouble of crossing the river.
The governor, having examined the elevation and the plateau, shall
survey the land, lay off the streets, the town blocks, the main plaza,
and the site for the church, the priest's house, the public hall, and
the other buildings shown in the map which is sent with these instruc-
tions, to the end that, observing the measurements in feet and varas
indicated in each direction for each block and street, and for the
plaza, church, and public hall, he shall mark out these with a cord. In
addition he shall make a furrow with a plow, and to distinguish every

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed May 24, 2015.