Southwestern Historical Quarterly
block from every other block, he shall place stakes in the four corners;
and to mark the center of each block he shall dig a hole for the church,
the public hall, and the plaza, taking care to make the streets straight
and exact as shown on the map.
As soon as the fifteen families arrive, he shall give a block to each
of them in order that each family may build its house thereon, indi-
cating to them the limits marked out by the stakes so that they may
not go beyond them. He shall assign the blocks facing the plaza to
the principal families, giving to each of them possession and title to
the corresponding block or lot, and he shall see that the tent which
each family carries, or the awning, or the hut of twigs, be placed in
the center of its block.
Likewise he shall go with intelligent persons to examine the land
suitable for cultivation adjoining the lands assigned as blocks for
the settlement. These are to the north and south of the presidio.
Having reserved as much as he may think necessary for these families
and for those who may come later, he shall set apart a sufficient
amount for commons, so that if the population increases, the people
will have ample recreation grounds, and room for the stock to graze
without doing any damage.
In addition to these commons, he shall lay off sufficient lands for
pastures, on which to keep the work oxen, the horses, the stock for
the slaughter-houses that may be built, and for the other stock which
by law the settlers are required to keep.
Coterminous with the pasture lands, he shall set apart others as
the property of the city council which is to be formed from these
families and those who may join them.
In addition to the pasture lands, he shall mark off the farm lands
making just as many tracks as there are lots in the town. From the
irrigable lands he shall make divisions and distribute them in just
proportion to the first settlers. The remainder shall be unappropriated
lands to be given to others later. From the farm lands he shall reserve
the amount he may think proper as public lands; so that from these
public arable lands and from the pasture lands, which shall together
compose the lands of the town, it may be possible to secure from the
yield or rent the salaries of the councilmen and the expenses connected
with the public duties.
Details of the Survey
In order that the division of lots, commons, pastures, and farm
lands may be made with such exactness that it will be possible to
apportion the lands destined for the inner town, as well as the irri-
gable, the non-irrigable, and the pasture lands; and in order that
the settlers may have an equal share in each class, the governor, using
the map on which there are marked out from the door of the church
four exact squares-the laterals not being marked off (and these are
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed April 1, 2015.