The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963

Notes and Documents

settlers, laid off thirteen other blocks which were destined as homes
for the remaining thirteen families. These blocks formed a square
about the three sides of the plaza; the square for the church
occupied the western side.
Almazin on the following day recorded that:
In the said presidio, on the fifth day of the month of July, 1731, I
... declare that for the execution and fulfillment of the measures
provided for in the order at the beginning of these proceedings, that,
in company with the families of the Islanders, I repaired to the spot
designated for the plaza and that, having reached that place, from the
spot designated as the door of the church and over the four squares
in the direction of the northeast, I ordered a measurement of 1,o93
varas made with a cord of 50 common varas and where the last meas-
urement fell, I ordered a hole dug and a large stone placed in it to
serve as a marker and designation of the square. From thence, I
returned to the church door and in the opposite direction, that is, to
the southwest, I ordered another x,o93 varas laid off and where the
last measurement fell, I ordered another marker placed as before.
From this point I returned to the center of the church door and to the
northwest I ordered 1,o93 varas laid off, and when I had finished I
ordered a marker of large stones put in place as before. And having
returned from this place to the center of the church door for the
purpose of completing the quadrilateral commanded laid off for the
settlement, I ordered another 1,093 varas in the opposite direction
to the southeast, and on the spot at which the last measurement ended
I ordered a marker made of a large stone as before. Thus there was
formed a cross with the church door for the center, there being in-
cluded therein in each direction twelve squares and streets. To square
this plan I ordered measurements made from the four extremes with
the same cord to the amount of 1,o93 varas for each side of the area
or plan, this quadrilateral being a perfect square of 2,186 varas on
each of the four sides, because the measurement was taken from the
extremes of the first measurement of the cross 1,o93 varas and in the
same amount in the opposite direction, thus forming the quadri-
lateral I mentioned. In order that it might be recognized as in this
form, I ordered that large stones be placed in each corner to serve as
perpetual markers and likewise that a furrow be made with a plow
in the form mentioned. ...
Immediately thereafter I ... repaired to the location of the new
settlement and standing at the corner of the extreme of the quadri-
lateral, I ordered a measurement made to the northeast with the cord
of 50 common varas 1,9123/4 varas, and when the last measurement
had been made, I ordered that a large stone be placed to serve as a

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/. Accessed July 31, 2014.