Southwestern Historical Quarterly
writing historians. It represents an excellent synthesis of a num-
ber of divergent views of historical ideas which are too impor-
tant to be ignored but are often beyond the investigatory re-
sources available to great numbers of students and readers of
history. Even the secondary sources referred to in the papers in
this volume will not be found in many libraries. If the views
of standard historical ideas expressed in these papers do not
inspire further research, they will at least stimulate thinking
on the part of the reader, and may force him to contemplate
anew such historical forces as the Renaissance and the Frontier.
This book is worth reading more than once.
ROBERT LEE WILLIAMSON
Gallant Outcasts, Texas Turmoil 1519-1734. By Ben Cuellar
Ximenes. San Antonio (The Naylor Company), 1963. Pp.
Herbert Eugene Bolton's durable Texas in the Middle Eight-
eenth Century tells the story of early Spanish colonization in
the province of Texas from the beginnings of permanent settle-
ment to the founding in 1779 of Nacogdoches. Until the present,
however, there has not been a one-volume study of the years
preceding this period-the two centuries of exploration and at-
tempts to settle. Ben Cuellar Ximenes in Gallant Outcasts set
himself the difficult task of providing this needed work.
Beginning with Alonso Alvarez de Pifieda's survey of the
Northern Gulf coast in 1519, Ximenes has attempted to paint
with words the picture of the many thrilling adventures that
transpired in what came to be known as Texas down through
the arrival of the Canary Islanders and the removal of several
East Texas missions to San Antonio de B6xar. He did not con-
tent himself with a re-tracing of the known story; even a cursory
glance at the end of each chapter or at the bibliography reveals
that the author made wide use of original source materials, both
published and unpublished. Of special interest to serious stu-
dents of this period will be the appendix containing the trans-
lation of the diary kept by Father Damien Massanet on his rela-
tively unknown journey to the East Texas mission field in 1691.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963 - April, 1964. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101197/. Accessed February 12, 2016.