Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ing the murder of Indian Agent Jesse Stem-it was not the Kick-
apoos but the Comanches who deserved that title.
The Civil War further divided the Kickapoos. The United
States repeatedly sought to return the Mexican Kickapoos, who
had joined Wild Cat's Seminoles, to reservations in the United
States. Of interest are the "Miles Mission" and "The Mackenzie
Raid," the "Bentley-Thackery War," and the dismissal of Martin
J. Bentley, their Indian Agent, involved in land frauds.
By the late 19go's many Kickapoos took up residence on their
allotments along the Canadian River. Some are still in Mexico.
Gibson says that the chiefs and headmen of the lords of the middle
border "worked long and hard to overcome the immoral habits
various white men had evoked" among them.
Gibson has done an excellent and scholarly job of The Kick-
apoos. There are some typographical errors and misspelled words
that proofreading should have caught. One can appreciate some-
thing of Kickapoo animosity after reading of the "sharks" who
preyed upon them. The Kickapoos had a turbulent history. Of
particular interest to students of Texas history are the chapters
dealing with the Kickapoos in Texas and their relations with the
Comanches, Kiowas, Wichitas, and other Southwestern Indians.
This reviewer recommends the book highly.
MILDRED P. MAYHALL
Doomed Road of Empire: The Spanish Trail of Conquest. By
Hodding Carter. McGraw-Hill (New York), 1963. Pp. xii+
408. Index. $8.95.
Hodding Carter, a well known Southern newspaper publisher,
editor, novelist, and historian, was educated at Columbia and
Tulane universities. He has won an impressive number of prizes
and awards for his writing. With his wife, Betty, he worked on
this study of El Camino Real for four years. They toured portions
of Texas and sought the aid and insight of almost every one who
might have any special knowledge of their subject.
The book is about the Spanish, French, and Americans who,
on their various errands of conquest, commerce, and love, trav-
eled the King's Highway, that long trail which ran from within
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963 - April, 1964. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101197/. Accessed July 8, 2015.