The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

The Viceregency of Antonio Maria Bucareli in New Spain, 1771-
1779. By Bernard E. Bobb. Austin (University of Texas
Press), 1962. Pp. 313. $5.00.
This is a worthy study of a viceroy who served during a sig-
nificant time in New Spain, which then included Texas. Bucareli
proved to be both efficient and capable in office during the years
in which the principles of the Enlightenment were being intro-
duced into New Spain. Charles III of Spain already had begun
the policy of administrative and financial reform at home and
in the Spanish colonies at the time that Bucareli, then governor
of Cuba, was named by the king to be viceroy of New Spain. In
fact, just as Bucareli assumed that office in Mexico City, Jose de
Galvez, in the name of the king, was completing a thorough
inspection of New Spain. Galvez also introduced progressive
policies for administrative reorganization from which Bucareli
profited.
Bucareli opposed the intendancy system, but otherwise ac-
cepted Charles III's reform program. He was efficient in the
performance of duty and was obedient in carrying out the in-
structions of both his king and of Galvez. In the main, Bucareli
avoided feuds with others in high place which included the
clerical leaders of New Spain. He was honest in policy and never
absorbed credit for accomplishment when that credit was due
to a subordinate.
Aristocratic Bucareli was cautious and conservative as he dealt
effectively with the Roman Catholic Church, with the coloniza-
tion program in the Californias, with mining issues, and with
the administration of the various aspects of colonial government.
Viceregal biographies are few indeed in number. To this mea-
ger list, The Viceregency of Antonio Maria Bucareli in New
Spain is a mature and scholarly addition. The book is attractive
in appearance. W. C. NUNN
----- -----Texas Christian University
From Cab to Caboose: Fifty Years of Railroading. By Joseph A.
Noble. Norman (University of Oklahoma Press), 1964. Pp.
xiii+2o5. Index, illustrations, map. $6.95.
Railroad history is often dry, factual, and difficult to compre-

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101198/. Accessed September 16, 2014.