The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967

rdo titlaY, Dream Capitalaof areas
MALCOLM D. McLEAN
TENOXTITLAN WAS THE INDIAN NAME FOR MEXICO CITY, BUT
there also was another Tenoxtitlan, a Mexican town
established in present Burleson County in 183o, which
was twice proposed as the capital of Texas.
In the 182o's, when Mexico finally won independence from
Spain, it found itself the owner of a vast, sparsely settled northern
frontier. To settle that area, the State of Coahuila and Texas in
1825 passed a liberal colonization law, the first article of which
said: "All foreigners who ... wish to emigrate to any of the settle-
ments of the State of Coahuila and Texas, are permitted to do so;
and the said State invites and calls them."
Settlers from the United States poured into Texas in such great
numbers that they soon began to outnumber the Mexicans. By
1830, the Mexican government had become so worried over the
trend that it passed a law to stop the flood of emigration from the
United States.2 Enforcement of that law was placed in the hands
of General Manuel de Mier y Terin, who launched a grandiose
project to "Mexicanize" Texas by erecting a line of forts garri-
soned by Mexican troops, surrounded by Mexican settlers, and
bearing names which had been popular among the Indians even
before the Spaniards arrived-names like An;ihuac, Lipantitlan,
and Tenoxtitlan.
General Mier y Terin issued an order on April 24, 183o, pro-
viding for the establishment of a fort at the point where the road
from Bexar (or San Antonio) crossed the Brazos River on the
way to Nacogdoches. It was to be garrisoned by the Alamo Cavalry
1H. P. N. Gammel (comp.), The Laws of Texas, x822-z897 (io vols.; Austin,
1898), I, 125.
2For a detailed study of the law, see the chapter entitled "The Law of April 6,
183o," in Eugene C. Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin (Nashville, 1925),
296-328.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/. Accessed September 19, 2014.