The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971

Book Reviews

ideas and fresh approaches to the subject will find much of value
here.
In an essay having significant implications for antebellum history,
Henry Allen Bullock points out the many means available to slaves
for altering their conditions and thereby suggests that slavery was
less monolithic than is usually supposed. Arthur Zilversmit's survey
of the development of militant abolitionism after 183o is no doubt
intended as an explanation for the permutations that have occurred
in the Negro civil-rights movement.
William S. McFeely, addressing himself to one of the most
crucial periods of black history-Reconstruction-restates in con-
venient form points made elsewhere about the role of Negroes in
that era. August Meier and Elliott Rudwick report that during the
years from 1900 to 1906 southern Negroes conducted more than
twenty-five boycotts against segregation. Thus the authors destroy
whatever belief remains that until recently blacks acquiesced in
the conditions imposed upon them.
Thomas R. Cripps investigates the role of moving pictures in
creating racial stereotypes and thereby indicts the industry for ti-
midity and prejudice as well as for ignoring the artistic potential of
racial themes. The record of the NAACP, an organization that recent
events have made to appear ineffectual and overly cautious, is re-
appraised by Robert L. Zangrando. In a concluding essay Louis R.
Harlan presents historians and teachers with sound advice for study-
ing and presenting black history.
Each of the essays has its value, but William S. Willis, Jr.'s,
"Anthropology and Negroes on the Southern Colonial Frontier"
struck this reviewer as being the freshest and most imaginative part
of the collection. In brief compass Willis surveys the impact of
racism on the science of anthropology and then proceeds to suggest
new ways of studying the black experience by means of combining
the methods and insights offered by both history and anthropology.
Ohio State University MERTON L. DILLON
The New South Creed: A Study in Southern Mythmaking. By Paul
M. Gaston. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1970o. Pp. vi + 298.
Bibliography, index. $7.95.)
This book is a useful and interesting synthesis of materials dealing
with that hopeful, but largely chimerical, movement that emerged

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101200/. Accessed October 25, 2014.