The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

America is not willing to learn from its past mistakes. White south-
erners have seemingly rejected the Faulkner-Warren-Woodard myth-
ology in favor of the older racial viewpoint. Davenport concludes that
in the 196o's, "it was left for the black Southerner, King, and those
who might choose to follow the fallen leader, to speak of forgiveness
and reconciliation between the races, the classes, and the nations."
That the southern mission has become the "Black Man's Burden"
must surely be counted as another contribution to the "irony of
Southern history."
University of Texas, Austin NORMAN D. BROWN
The Rise of Massive Resistance: Race and Politics in the South During
the z95o's. By Numan V. Bartley. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State
University Press, 1969. Pp. ix + 390. Illustrations, tables, biblio-
graphic essay, index. $0o.oo.)
The South has never initiated change in social or economic ways
of life, but has usually had changes forced upon it. Consequently, the
region has been involved in a figurative battle to hold back the dawn,
and that preoccupation has prevented innovation. Numan V. Bartley
has written a fairly detailed account of political manipulation in a
battle of tradition against change. At the root of it all is racism.
Beginning his college career in the early 1950's, Bartley, a Texan
by birth, has grown up in the period that he describes as one of "mas-
sive resistance" in the South. Having secured all of his higher educa-
tion in the South, in Texas in particular, he was close to the develop-
ments he describes. He attempts to maintain objectivity by keeping
his own opinions out of his book. Thus, Bartley presents a careful
analysis of the political efforts of staunch segregationists to negate the
1954 Supreme Court decision. He discusses doctrines of states' rights,
which recall the Articles of Confederation; interposition, which takes
the historian back to doctrines of nullification; and massive resistance,
which recall doctrines of secession. Bartley's clear exposition gives the
reader bases for studying future problems that stem from the same
segregationist philosophy and ideals.
Although recognizing the long history of the South that set the
stage for massive resistance, Bartley concentrates on the events dealing
with the desegregation efforts of the federal government. From the
Dixiecrat movement of 1948, Bartley traces the political chicanery of

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101200/. Accessed August 22, 2014.