The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

tions the conflict arising from the larger battle between Rome and
Madrid and its reflection on the frontier. While this work is an excel-
lent narrative chronicle of the mission of Guevavi, it is of little real
value in interpreting the history of the missions in the north and in
judging their impact on the area they served.
University of Texas, Austin FREDERIC J. ATHEARN
After Kino: Jesuit Missions in Northwestern New Spain, 1711-1767.
By John Augustine Donohue, S.J. (Rome: Jesuit Historical In-
stitute, 1969. Pp. iv + 183. Map, bibliography, index. $4.20o.)
The post-Kino period in Sonora-Arizona has had less scholarly at-
tention but is perhaps more fruitful than the earlier Jesuit era which
concluded with the death of the "Apostle to the Pimas" in 1711. From
that date to the Jesuit expulsion of 1767, dozens of black-robed fol-
lowers of Ignatius Loyola labored in the difficult northwestern fron-
tier area of New Spain.
After Kino brings into focus the problems of a gradually declining
frontier, one in which Jesuit priests alternately struggled against and
cooperated with secular authority. In a remote frontier area where
mission Indian revolt was a periodic threat, where hostile unconverted
natives menaced existing establishments, and where church and state
struggled for supremacy, it is not surprising that development lagged
behind desire. Perhaps more astonishing was the progress that was
made during the eighteenth century. A constant possibility of secu-
larization of the Jesuit missions, a thinly veiled hostility between
missionaries and civil governors, and accusations of clerical responsi-
bility for Indian rebellion, all served to keep the Jesuits on the alert
to justify their activities. Sonora's priests were kept under regular
surveillance by their own as well as outside investigators, and were
obliged to compose lengthy reports of a defensive nature. These an-
cient polemics have lessened the appreciation merited by solid Jesuit
achievement. Almost forgotten are the significant steps in advancing
the frontier northward, in stablizing the rudimentary Kino missions,
and of exploring the area of modern Arizona in company with the
military.
This book is scholarly without being pedantic, and comprehensive
without undue length. Despite some errors in typography and minor
detail, Father Donohue's study will become a standard work for the

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101200/. Accessed August 20, 2014.