Cuba," (p. 136) since none of the contributors touches on the church
Part Four contains the most solid contributions, probably because
the authors addressed themselves to narrower topics. John J. Kennedy
describes the legal status of the church today, primarily in Argentina
and Venezuela. Kennedy fails to mention (p. 159) that the collection
of tithes was also an issue of national patronage. Cecilio de Lora
Soria's description of the history, structure, and activities of the Latin
American Episcopal Council (CELAM) and Emanuel de Kadt's ar-
ticle on the rise of Catholic radicalism in Brazil from the i93o's to the
coup of 1964 are solid contributions. An index of persons only and
short biographical data on the contributors are also included.
University of California, Davis Jos. ROBERTO JUAREZ
The Brownsville Raid. By John D. Weaver. (New York: W. W. Nor-
ton and Company, 1970. Pp. 320o. Illustrations, bibliography, in-
This impressive book fully reveals one of the most glaring miscar-
riages of justice in American history. For some time historians have
doubted the wisdom of Theodore Roosevelt's decision to dismiss three
companies of black soldiers for their alleged part in a shooting incident
in Brownsville, Texas, in 19o6. Many scholars have criticized Roose-
velt's hasty and peremptory handling of the case, his reluctance to
give the men a hearing, and his stubbornness in holding to his posi-
tion. But Weaver goes beyond this to expose the complete innocence
of all the soldiers, the racist way in which the Army trumped up the
case against them, and the staggering high-handedness of Roosevelt's
use of presidential power against 167 black Americans.
The author makes several crucial points. There was no raid on
Brownsville by any black soldiers. It was probably the work of local
citizens eager to have the Negro garrison removed. The Army made
no impartial inquiry, but, like most of American society, assumed that
the soldiers were guilty and looked for corroboration. The accused
men said nothing about the raid because they knew nothing about it.
Unlike other citizens, however, they had to prove their innocence to
a hostile government and president.
The local prejudice that Weaver discusses is not surprising. What is
shocking is Theodore Roosevelt's willingness to employ money, the
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101200/. Accessed November 24, 2014.