Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ther west. In contrast to agents' bilking of those wishing to stay as
independent farmers, the migration itself was conducted generally
with a genuine humanitarian concern which mitigated but did not
prevent the result of poor planning: starvation and disease.
More important is DeRosier's treatment of government policy and
its formulators. Thomas Jefferson's humane pronouncements hid a
vision of a "human cattle drive" of Indians, gradually herded across
the continent before advancing settlement. For a time Secretary of
War John Calhoun and Indian Bureau head Thomas L. McKenney
pursued a policy of moderation forswearing threats and concentrating
on educating Choctaws on the advantages of emigration. The elec-
tion of Andrew Jackson, the symbol of frontier impatience, however,
led to open intimidation and final Indian capitulation. Thus the
author sees important moral and practical gradations within agree-
ment on the goal of removal.
Mention of pressures, popular and official, and debates necessitating
removal negotiations frequently do not explain so much as tanta-
lize, but De Rosier has described with clarity and refreshing brevity
the process of prying loose the Choctaws from their land, an episode
significant as a case study and precedent in Indian policy.
University of Texas, Arlington ELLIOTT WEST
Pueblo Architecture of the Southwest: A Photographic Essay. Photo-
graphs by William Current, text by Vincent Scully. (Austin:
University of Texas Press for Amon Carter Museum of Western
Art, 1971. Pp. 97. Photographs. $12.50.)
Ghosts Along the Canyon de Chelly might well have been the title
of this photographic essay on a deserted culture of fascinating pro-
portions. The introduction by the respected architectural historian
Vincent Scully is intended as a preliminary art historical guide to
some 65 black and white photographs of the Mesa Verde site in
Colorado, the Chaco Canyon and Aztec National Monument in
New Mexico, and the Canyon de Chelly, Kayenta, Navajo National
Monument, and Canyon del Muerto sites in Arizona.
No other architecture is nearer to the people than the pueblos of
the Southwestern Indians. The sprawling community houses and
kivas climb the cracks and seem to emerge from the very throats
of the awesome canyons. The closest architectural parallel in history
is the organic medieval villages and their churches which were being
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101201/. Accessed March 5, 2015.