The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

role as a black man and a state official to be, and what struggles he
went through to remain in the legislature. Negro Legislators of Texas
offers the historian little information or guidance in solving these
Central Oklahoma State University JERE W. ROBERSON
Latin America in Transition: Problems in Training and Research.
Edited by Stanley R. Ross. (Albany: State University of New
York Press, 1970o. Pp. xxix+5-lo. $7.50.)
Fifteen highly regarded scholars representing diverse disciplines
in Latin American studies gathered at the State University of New
York, Stony Brook, in March, 1968, to discuss continuing social
science problems in training and research in their field. The pro-
vocative result, scrupulously edited and carefully coordinated by
Stanley R. Ross, should quickly become required reading for all
students of the subject area.
As the conference occurred soon after the "Camelot" debacle in
Chile, the essays concerning research focus upon what Richard N.
Adams terms "the politicalization of social and behavioral research."
The warning from all the participants is clear: social science re-
searchers anxious about the validity of their findings had better
understand to what extent politics, as practiced in both the United
States and Latin America, are vitally influencing their subject matter,
practice and methodology-and that their results will inevitably have
political significance. Several authors, in this regard, question whether
or not scholars owe their first allegiance to their profession or to
their country. Unfortunately none of them attempts a full response
to their own important philosophical question.
Kalman H. Silvert ignites a lively debate with his frankly negative
attitude toward future research collaboration between North and
Latin Americans. Because of their political condition, Silvert doubts
that Latin American scholars can be sufficiently "purist" to provide
meaningful studies. Stanley J. Stein responds in his usual incisive
manner. He contemplates the objectivity of United States social
scientists and concludes: "There is more than one house at which
one may hurl stones." Despite admitted problems, Stein remains
optimistic about the possibilities of joint research ventures by North
and Latin Americans.
In discussing the training of new researchers, Richard F. Morse


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed November 28, 2014.