Southwestern Historical Quarterly
They reasoned, it is said, that Johnson's demonstrated party loyalty
would provide the leverage needed to win the 1964 nomination.
This book falls far short of its claim as a significant work. It is
not definitive. Its puffery is much like cotton candy. It promises a
lot, but yields little. The writer does not help his readers by adopting
a style, mechanism that may confuse some in the bounding back and
forth between time spans in an attempt to match up his patchwork.
The color of the work is too unstable to be of more than fading in-
terest. As a review primer, it could be useful to show the naked
acknowledgment of Texas politicians in the brokering of power by
wealthy interest groups. Indeed, Mr. Banks's icons are concerned
mainly with money, the reader soon learns; leaving him to wonder
whatever became of marbles and chalk.
Austin DAVID HEARNE
The Citizens' Council: Organized Resistance to the Second Recon-
struction, 1954-1964. By Neil R. McMillen. (Urbana: University
of Illinois Press, 1971. Pp. xii+397. Bibliographical note, illustra-
tions, index. $10.95.)
Neil R. McMillen has combined massive research in newspapers,
secondary sources, and special collections with interviews and a bal-
anced perspective to produce a nearly exhaustive examination of the
Citizens' Council movement. This book will probably be the standard
work on the Councils-at least until the passage of time introduces
greater historical perspective and the opening of currently unavailable
manuscript sources offers new evidence.
For the most part, The Citizens' Council tends to confirm the
conclusions of earlier works concerning the organized resistance to
the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision. McMillen stresses
the role of white supremacy ideology as the motivating force behind
the Councils (as opposed to a rejection of New Deal-Fair Deal reform
philosophies, internationalism, and the changing nature of Ameri-
can society generally). Feeding on an atmosphere of racial crisis, the
Councils and allied groups grew into a formidable force during the
three years following the first Brown decision. Council leaders during
these years, however, promised far more than the organized resistance
was able to accomplish, and the movement disintegrated rapidly
during the late 195o's. Ambitious recruiting efforts during the 1960's
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101202/. Accessed January 26, 2015.