The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973

Book Reviews

is an excellent bibliographical essay as well as the chronology of
Huerta's service record, the text of the Pact of Ciudadela, and a list
of the cabinet ministers in the Huerta administration.
University of Texas, Austin STANLEY R. Ross
Tragic Cavalier: Governor Manuel Salcedo of Texas, 1808-1813. By
F61ix D. Almariz, Jr. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971.
Pp. xii+so6. Footnotes, bibliography, index. $7.)
Professor Almariz's Tragic Cavalier is more an administrative his-
tory than a full fledged biography of Don Manuel Salcedo, the Span-
ish governor of Texas at the time of the outbreak of the war for Mexi-
can independence. Carefully constructed from previously unused docu-
ments in the B6xar Archives, the study elucidates the entire spectrum
of pressures which conditioned administrative life on the northern
frontier of New Spain during the early nineteenth century. Even be-
fore Hidalgo launched the separatist movement with his famous Grito
de Dolores, Salcedo experienced a number of serious administrative
problems resulting from France's sale of Louisiana to the United
States, an unclear chain of command in the bureaucracy of the Provin-
cias Internas, and a less than satisfactory personal relationship with
his uncle and superior, Nemesio Salcedo, the commandant general in
The most interesting section of the study is that portion which treats
the impact of Hidalgo's revolt on Texas. Because of a series of histori-
cal accidents, Governor Salcedo participated in the ambush and arrest
of Hidalgo during his northern retreat and subsequently escorted the
priest and other captured rebel leaders to Chihuahua where they were
turned over to Commandant General Salcedo for trial and eventual
execution. But the movement unleashed by the curate from Dolores
did not die in Texas with the death of the leader, any more than it
did elsewhere in Mexico. When Augustus Magee and Bernardo
Gutibrrez de Lara led a filibustering expedition into Texas from Lou-
isiana in the late summer of 1812, the governor, in spite of repeated
pleas to his superiors, found himself without sufficient men, arms, or
supplies to protect the province. As Texas began to slip away from
Spanish control, Salcedo was able to do no more than to delay the in-
evitable. Defeated in battle, arrested, and hurriedly tried, he met his
end unceremoniously. The filibusters carried out the orders of the


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed July 24, 2014.