The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

both the narrative and biography sections, making for needless repeti-
tions. On close examination, some of the people not only had no "great
difficulty" in achieving success, but they achieved it because of their
heritage, not in spite of it. Moreover, 46 of the 56 are from the 2oth
century, while the other i o represent the preceding 400 years. This
creates some peculiar distortions when one considers that the book
claims to describe "the heritage and culture of Spanish-speaking peoples
in the United States." Despite the fulsome endorsements of this book
on its back cover (made by three people whose biographies appear in
the book), historians would do well to consider this work's many short-
comings before adding it to their ethnic studies bookshelf. The general
reader may be more easily satisfied.
University of Oklahoma ABRAHAM HOFFMAN
Churches in Cultural Captivity: A History of the Social Attitudes of
Southern Baptists. By John Lee Eighmy. Introduction and Epi-
logue by Samuel S. Hill, Jr. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee
Press, 1972. Pp. xviii+249. Index. $11.50.)
This survey of the social attitudes of Southern Baptists, based pri-
marily on the official statements of the Southern Baptist Convention
and its state conventions, provides several important insights into the
history of Texas's and the nation's largest protestant denomination.
The late John Lee Eighmy marshaled strong evidence to support his
contention that, regardless of traditions and doctrines which place al-
most total emphasis on individual salvation and institutional ag-
grandizement over and against involvement in social problems, the
Southern Baptists have taken positions on public issues since their
church's founding in 1845.
In their pre-Civil War conventions the early Southern Baptists
formally endorsed slavery, secession, and the Confederacy. After the
war the denomination vigorously opposed civil and political rights for
freedmen. Later, imperialism was endorsed on the basis that it would
expedite missionary activities, and labor unions were condemned as
unchristian associations. Support by Southern Baptists for prohibition,
blue laws, antigambling legislation, and outlawing obscene literature
have since the late nineteeth century often gone far beyond simple
resolutions to financial contributions and organized political activity.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed May 29, 2015.