The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973

Book Reviews

sored by the School of American Research. This publication results from an
advanced seminar held in Santa Fe, New Mexico, in November, 1969. Ortiz,
as convener of the seminar, selected the topics to be discussed. He wanted
to include both the perennial problems and questions to which the stu-
dents of pueblos address themselves and some of the issues and concepts
which are currently being discussed by all anthropologists.
All the papers presented in this volume are new contributions; all but
one were presented during the seminar. They represent an unusually wide
range of topics, including the beginning unifying concept (according to
Ortiz) of the ecological perspective, alternative views of pueblo prehistory,
American Indian linguistics, and several articles on pueblo religion, ritual,
world view, and oral literature. Historians interested in pueblo history will
find A. H. Schroeder's chapter on Rio Grande ethnohistory particularly val-
uable.
Ortiz views this as a "specialized book addressed to present and future stu-
dents of Pueblo culture" but he also hopes that others will find the book in-
teresting-especially the pueblo people.
North Texas State Universtiy BARBARA H. BUTLER
The Restless Friar: Venerable Fray Antonio Margil de Jesus, Missionary to
the Americas--Apostle of Texas. By William H. Oberste. (Austin: Von
Boeckmann-Jones, 1970o. Pp. viii+145. Illustrations, bibliography.
$7.50.)
In this short volume, Monsignor William H. Oberste has recounted the
well-known story of Fray Antonio Margil de Jesds, who was born in Valen-
cia, Spain, on August 18, 1657, and came to East Texas in 1716 and estab-
lished three missions. A tireless crusader, Margil had volunteered for service
among the American Indians, and was sent to New Spain in 1683. He was
first stationed at the College of Santa Cruz de Querdtaro. He later served in
YucatIn and Central America, where his dedication earned him the title of
Apostle of Guatemala. Appointed the first guardian of the new missionary
college of Nuestra Sefiora de Guadalupe de Zacatecas in 17o6, Margil re-
mained there until presented with the opportunity to come to Texas. The
French threat to East Texas forced Margil to withdraw to San Antonio,
where he founded San Jos6 y San Miguel de Aguayo, the most famous and
best preserved mission in the San Antonio complex. Margil died in Mexico
City in 1726.
Observing that time has not been kind to Margil, Oberste points out that
although the missionary was heralded during his lifetime, he has almost
been forgotten today. His cause for canonization was introduced in 1769
and reviewed in 1798 and 1834. He received the title "Venerable" in 1836.
Oberste obviously hopes to promote the dedicated friar's canonization with
this book.

Amon Carter Museum of Western Art

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RONNIE C. TYLER

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101202/. Accessed October 1, 2014.