medical care, subjects on which soldiers can unite in any war. Yet it is
hard to see in retrospect how the army could have improved either of
these more rapidly.
This book is well written, resting on prodigious research in both offi-
cial and private sources. Cosmas tells an interesting story well: one es-
pecially important to students of the military, and of civil-military
relations. His information and judgments apply as well to American
diplomacy and politics.
University of Oklahoma H. WAYNE MORGAN
The Mallorys of Mystic: Six Generations in American Maritime Enter-
prise. By James P. Baughman. (Middletown: Wesleyan University
Press, 1972. Pp. xvii+496. Illustrations, notes, tables and figures,
appendix, bibliography, index. $17.50.)
The Mallory family of Mystic, Connecticut, and New York City offers
a unique opportunity to observe the changing fortunes and technology
of the American maritime industry. From 1760 to 1941 six generations
of Mallorys were involved in nearly every aspect of seafaring. Their
commitment to the sea and their maritime entrepreneurship was based
upon a family tradition which involved considerable financial risk as
well as a keen sense of adventure. James P. Baughman uses the Mallory
experience as a case study, and through this collective business biogra-
phy provides considerable insight into the maritime industry.
Baughman brings to life the leading figures of a family which refused
to abandon the sea. The founder of the family, David Malary (the origi-
nal spelling), was a derring-do privateer in the American Revolution.
Charles Mallory (1796-1882) made Mystic his home, and in turn be-
came a sailmaker, whaler, shipbuilder, salvage man, and banker. His
son, Charles Henry Mallory (1818-1890), led the family through the
transition from sailing ship to steam, and established Mallory line serv-
ice from New York to Texas. Henry Rogers Mallory (1848-1919) com-
peted with Charles Morgan for the Texas cotton trade, and through his
connections with the Sealy family of Galveston, established an alliance
with several Texas railroads, first against Morgan and then against
Collis P. Huntington and the Southern Pacific. Clifford Day Mallory,
Sr., (1881-1941) and his son, Clifford, Jr., (1916- ), brought the
family into the maritime realities of the twentieth century with fleets of
tramps and tankers.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 76, July 1972 - April, 1973. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101202/. Accessed July 8, 2015.