The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976

Book Reviews

in the account of the poverty-stricken Riley family. Hutton did heroic work
in untangling their complex family ties.
As a collector and reader of western outlaw and lawmen books for
twenty-five years, I commend Joseph G. Rosa and Harold Hutton for their
work. I recommend their books to all readers interested in western history.
El Paso ROBERT G. McCUBBIN
Book Notes
Education and the American Indian: The Road to Self-Determination, '928-
1973. By Margaret Szasz. (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico
Press, I974. Pp. vii+251. Illustrations, bibliography, index. $Io.)
In two hundred packed pages, Margaret Szasz has compressed the general
story of federal Indian policy over the past half century. The book has a simple
chronological format which briefly reviews the situation regarding Indian
education from 1870 to 1926, then launches into an examination of the
Meriam Report of I928, and directors of Indian Bureau educational affairs
John Collier and Willard Walcott Beaty, and takes a look at the New Deal
approach to Indian education. Along the way Szasz sheds some fresh light
on the problems of cross-cultural education by use of certain aspects of
anthropological investigations.
The last half of the study takes a look at the Johnson-O'Malley Act of 1934
and its implications for Indian children, the impact of World War II, the slow
progress effected during the 195os and finally the belated awakening of the
public to the scandalous conditions in Indian education with the investigation
and subsequent report of a Senate subcommittee headed by Edward M. Ken-
nedy in 1969.
The uncomplicated but heavily documented narrative does not convey any
shocking analytical or evaluative revelations, but it is studded with the kind of
solid factual data that is the essence of careful historical reconstruction. It adds
appreciably to our understanding of the efforts to provide schooling for the
Indian and helps explain the gross failures and the slight successes.
University of Michigan PHILIP A. KALISCH
American Diaries in Manuscript. By William Matthews. (Athens: University
of Georgia Press, 1974. Pp. 176. Index. $12.50.)
Compiled as a supplement to Matthews' American Diaries (i945), which
was restricted to published diaries, this volume lists 5,o022 items from over 350
American depositories. Of the total, over 3,500 were produced in the nine-

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101203/. Accessed October 21, 2014.