The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976

Book Reviews

chapter of The American Civil War, entitled "The Enduring Legacy," is a
splendid summing up of the meaning and consequences of the Civil War.
Even in such a commendable work there are some failures. Southwestern
readers will note that the battles of Pea Ridge and Mansfield are adequately
covered but will regret that there is only one sentence devoted to Galveston
and no mention of Sabine Pass or Glorieta Pass in the text. Too, the
author's statement (p. 69) that Texas submitted its secession ordinance to a
popular vote "only after the fall of Sumter and Lincoln's call to arms" is
clearly wrong. Similarly, on the following page Parish incorrectly argues
that the call for a secession convention was rejected by Arkansas voters prior
to Sumter (secession was rejected in Arkansas prior to Sumter, but a con-
vention had met).
All in all, The American Civil War is an impressive work which deserves
serious consideration by those seeking a well balanced, judicious, and lucid
account of the Civil War.
Lamar University RALPH A. WOOSTER
The Harkness Collection in the Library of Congress. Compiled by Mary
Ellis Kahler; translated by J. Benedict Warren. (Washington: Govern-
ment Printing Office, 1975. PP. v+3 5. Illustrations, bibliography,
index. $6.50.)
This volume is the third and last in a series devoted to the collection of
colonial Spanish American documents presented to the Library of Congress
by Edward Stephen Harkness in 1928 and 1929. Like the earlier volumes,
which related to materials on Spanish Peru, this guide consists of both an
annotated calendar of the manuscripts and a transcription (in English and
Spanish, on facing pages) of several of the collection's most important items.
These include the grant of a coat of arms by Charles I to the conqueror
of Aztec Mexico, Hernando Cortis, in 1525, as well as the text of a lawsuit
brought by Cortes in 1531 against his arch-rival, Nufio de Guzman, and
other members of the first Audiencia of Mexico. The latter document is
accompanied by eight native paintings (the Huejotzingo Codex) containing
a pictorial record of goods and services which Nufio and his associates
allegedly extorted from the Aztec town of Huejotzingo. This is the first
publication in full of the codex, which is regarded as an especially valuable
source of information about Mexican Indian life in the years immediately
following the conquest. Most of the remaining Mexican documents in the
Harkness Collection pertain to the supposed conspiracy by Cort6s's mestizo
son, Martin, and others to overthrow Spanish rule in Mexico.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101203/. Accessed October 2, 2014.