The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

divided into the Western Band and the Eastern Band. Although much
repetition might be expected in such a work, Mails generally has avoided
this by carefully detailing the ways of the Western Apaches, then examining
contrasts with the other tribes in considerable detail while passing similari-
ties quickly with a reference to the first section. Almost every phase of
Apache life is discussed and illustrated, and special emphasis is given the
religious context of that life.
Some may argue that other closely related Athapaskan tribes should have
been included in a cultural study entitled as this one is, but this is splitting
hairs. In fact, to have done so would have killed the two projects which now
occupy Mails's time-similar picture-text books on the Plains Indian Sun
Dance practices and the Pueblo Indians of Arizona and New Mexico.
It was a pleasure to review The People Called Apache.
Southeastern Oklahoma State University CHARLES W. HARRIS
Alternatives to Extinction. By Robert A. Trennert, Jr. (Philadelphia:
Temple University Press, I975. Pp. vii+263. Notes, bibliography,
index. $15-)
Indians and Bureaucrats. By Edmund Jefferson Danziger, Jr. (Urbana:
University of Illinois Press, I974. Pp. x+-24o. Footnotes, map, bibli-
ography, index. $8.95.)
Certain periods of Indian-white contact have long attracted more scho-
larly attention than others. Chief among the popular areas of investigation
have been the colonial period, the age of Jackson, and the immediate post-
Civil War era. The publication of these two doctoral dissertations, one
focusing on the years I846-1851 and the other on the Civil War, are there-
fore welcome additions to our knowledge of the less well known periods
in the evolution of federal Indian policy.
Robert Trennert's study is devoted to an examination of the origins of
the reservation policy which resulted from the huge territorial additions
accompanying the annexation of Oregon and the Mexican War. Although
the reservations themselves were not created until later in the I85os and
I86os, it is Trennert's contention that the philosophical origins of the
reservation concept are to be found in policies adopted toward the Indians
of Texas, New Mexico, Kansas-Nebraska, and the central plains during
this period.
Trennert's study has several virtues. There are excellent chapters on the
policies of Indian commissioners William Medill and Orlando Brown, and

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101203/. Accessed July 13, 2014.