The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976

Book Reviews

-in which an assassin's bullet removed George Wallace as a candidate-
Richard Nixon won 70.5 percent of the vote in the South and ran strong
among all whites. Thus the New Deal alignment that Key had predicted
failed to materialize; quite the opposite occurred as whites, rich and poor,
aligned against blacks.
Southern Politics and the Second Reconstruction is a valuable book for
those who attempt to assess political changes that have come to the South
during the last two decades. No one can deny that in many ways the South
has changed greatly from what it was in 1950. Despite so much change,
some things remain unchanged. White southerners have long had a defen-
sive culture, for throughout their history they have worked against forces
that they suspected of trying to alter the region's way of life. In face of the
many changes that have swept over the South in recent decades, white
southerners appear to have banded together politically in an attempt to
maintain the conservative regional culture that has long prevailed in the
South.
University of Georgia WILLIAM F. HOLMES
Black Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, I528-97I. By Alwyn Barr.
(Austin: Jenkins Publishing Company, 1973. Pp. viii+259. Photo-
graphs, bibliographical essays, index. $8.50.)
Historians and students have long been aware of the need for a compre-
hensive, objective study of the history of black people in Texas. Through
the years many articles, books, and unpublished theses and dissertations
have dealt with various time periods and specialized topics relating to the
black experience. Most of the older writings were presented from a white
racist viewpoint. Recent works have tended to reflect a different racial
attitude. Such is the book under consideration. Drawing to a large extent
on the available literature, Professor Barr, an Anglo-Texan, recounts the
discrimination, violence, and economic and political exploitation, which
black Texans have suffered at the hands of the white majority throughout
the history of the state. His account should be required reading for all of
us who are part of that majority. Barr also records the achievements of
black Texans in many fields in spite of the obstacles with which they had
to contend. Because of this record the volume should be of interest to all
Texans who want to know more about the heritage,of a proud people.
Barr has organized his material, chronologically into chapters. The first
two discuss, respectively, free blacks and those held in bondage during the
period from the era of exploration to the Civil War. Each of the remaining

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 79, July 1975 - April, 1976. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101203/. Accessed October 1, 2014.