The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977

Book Reviews

impressive engineering feat. And the waters were not finally "divided"
until the Supreme Court in Arizona v. California (1963) gave Arizona a
larger share of the Colorado's water, paved the way for the adjudication
of Indian Reservations' rights to the water, and interpreted the Commerce
Power of the federal government to include the power to appropriate and
apportion the waters of western non-navigable streams.
The book is extremely well documented and the story is more than
adequately revealed. Indeed, its only weakness is the fact that the reader
may occasionally tire of the political machinations between Upper Basin
and Lower Basin states, between California and Arizona, and between
factions within the states themselves, not to mention relations with Mexico
which also had an interest in the river. But the trip through the political
and diplomatic labyrinth is well worth the effort. In view of the com-
plexities surrounding the Compact and its aftermath, Hundley tells the
story well.
The most significant aspect of the book is that Hundley, in the finest
tradition of regional historians, has shown the national implications of his
subject and demonstrated once again that water is perhaps the most im-
portant political issue in the Southwest. He has also implied that water is
an important key to understanding the basis of political power wielded by
southwestern leaders such as Carl Hayden of Arizona (an important figure
in this study) or perhaps a Robert S. Kerr of Oklahoma, or even a Lyndon
B. Johnson.
Central State University of Oklahoma DONALD E. GREEN
The Segregation Struggle in Louisiana, x862-77. By Roger A. Fischer.
(Chicago: University of Illinois Press, I974. Pp. ix+I68. Index,
footnotes. $6.95.)
Roger A. Fischer appropriately reminds us that the customs, laws, and
policies which guided contact between blacks and whites in the postbellum
South often had their roots in antebellum society. Nowhere, he proposes,
was this more true than in Louisiana, where the large free-black population
and the peculiar slave society in New Orleans stimulated the development
of segregation laws and practices on a much more elaborate scale than in
other areas of the pre-Civil War South. As a result of this heritage, accord-
ing to Fischer, the segregation struggle in Louisiana was intense from the
time of the arrival of federal troops in I862. Men of color in New Orleans,
having more than the ordinary notion of what freedom entailed, pressed
hard for an integrated society. Whites, with more insights into the potential

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101204/. Accessed July 10, 2014.