The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

for "race-mixing," carried out a struggle of "unusual desperation . . . to
determine the Negro's 'place' during the reconstruction" (p. 156).
The conflicts over the integration of public accommodations and educa-
tion in New Orleans during the Reconstruction era are the focus of Fischer's
book, although the role of the race issue in state politics and efforts at
school integration in some of the country parishes are also covered. Ad-
ditionally, a final chapter goes beyond to trace the rise of Jim Crow by
the turn of the century. Fischer argues that the drive to strengthen segrega-
tion did not await the 189os to the degree C. Vann Woodward and others
have implied, but was a major aim of the redeemers from I877.
As I finished Professor Fischer's work and sought to evaluate in my mind
its place in the historical literature, I recalled Barnes Lathrop's seminars
in southern history some fifteen years ago when he bemoaned the dearth
of detailed local and state studies of the post-Civil War era, particularly
in the trans-Mississippi states. While Lathrop's anguish over Arkansas must
still be strong, for comparatively little has been done, that over Texas may
have been slightly relieved in recent years by the likes of Alwyn Barr's
Reconstruction to Reform and Lawrence Rice's The Negro in Texas,
1874-1900. Insofar as Louisiana is concerned, his pain may now be no
more than an ache, for The Segregation Struggle in Louisiana is one of a
sizable group of able studies of the Bayou State in the last half of the nine-
teenth century, which have appeared in recent years. It compares favorably
to most of these, while at the same time sharing their propensity to say
"Louisiana" when "New Orleans" would be more exact.
Texas Tech University JAMES V. REESE
Index to Book Reviews in Historical Periodicals 1973. By John W. Brewster
and Joseph A. McLeod. (Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press,
Inc., 1976. Pp. xvi+443. Index. $15.)
Index to Book Reviews in Historical Periodicals 1974. By John W. Brewster
and Joseph A. McLeod. (Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press,
Inc., 1975. Pp. xvi+5i4. Index. $17-50.)
If the additional volumes promised in the brochures accompanying these
two are completed, if the compilers make more serious efforts to be con-
sistent in their form and to be accurate in what they publish than they seem
to have been in these two volumes and if they would incorporate a couple
of changes, these annual indexes could be a useful tool for historians and
others who occasionally have to judge a book without reading it.
The publisher's brochures which accompanied these two volumes promise

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101204/. Accessed May 7, 2015.