The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977

Southwestern Histrical Quarterly

spontaneity nor candor from having been prepared for publication by an-
other person. Maybe this reflects Hutson's own literary skills, but unques-
tionably it reflects the thorough professionalism of William Curry Holden.
A few well selected photographs amplify the text and the attractive
format is a credit to Trinity University Press.
West Texas State University FREDERICK W. RATHJEN
From Glory to Oblivion: The Real Truth About the Mexican Revolution.
By Guy Weddington McCreary. (New York: Vantage Press, 1974.
Illustrations, bibliography, index. $6.95.)
The subtitle of this book, is somewhat misleading. In fact, the work
focuses on the political career of Jose Maria Maytorena, the revolutionary
governor of Sonora, and is an attempt to rescue him from the oblivion to
which the official historiography of the Mexican revolution has consigned
him. To accomplish this task of biographical rehabilitation, McCreary has
made extensive use of Maytorena's private archives as well as of Charles
C. Cumberland's collection of microfilmed revolutionary documents. The
author has also relied heavily on the recollections of the governor's son and
namesake, "Pepito" Maytorena, so that the book approximates an author-
ized biography.
McCreary begins his survey of Maytorena's career by comparing the
Sonoran with two other wealthy but idealistic northern Mexican land-
owners, Abraham Gonzilez and Francisco Madero. We are told that May-
torena, like the others, was an enlightened, benevolent hacendado in his
dealings with his Indian and mestizo workers, that he wanted "social jus-
tice and human dignity" (p. i o) for the Mexican masses, and that the
tyranny and injustice of President Porfirio Diaz's associates in Sonora
gradually drove Maytorena into opposition to the regime. When Diaz
backed down on his pledge to allow his critics to oppose him freely in the
presidential election of I9 o, Maytorena like Madero became a revolu-
tionary, organizing resistance to Diaz in his own state and using his private
fortune to import arms for the cause from the United States. After the
revolution triumphed, he was chosen as governor of Sonora in what was
apparently an open, popular election. During the year and a half which
followed, while the well-meaning but hapless Madero struggled to pre-
serve his revolutionary presidency from assaults by pro-Diaz reactionaries
and dissident revolutionaries alike, Maytorena's administration was one of
the embattled president's staunchest allies.
When Madero was overthrown and murdered in February, 1913, several

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 80, July 1976 - April, 1977. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101204/. Accessed July 13, 2014.