South western Historical Quarterly
which both he and the whites based their actions. White officialdom re-
sponded to his image, seldom perceiving his real personality and motiva-
tions. He and his people brought themselves to grief because they misinter-
preted white actions. For ethnocentric reasons, neither Apache nor white
man was a fair judge of the other. This is a line of inquiry that should be
applied to other white4Indian conflicts.
The book has some weaknesses, among them the failure to use ethno-
logical literature beyond the work of Morris E. Opler. The author seems
baffled by Apache kinship systems, tribal subdivision, and world-view. The
absence from the bibliography of such works as Edward Spicer's Cycles of
Conquest is a major lapse in a book that attempts the ethnohistorical ap-
proach. While Debo generally eschews heroes and villains, she uses the
term "mendacious" too easily and frequently when addressing official state-
The maps and photographs are excellent. Overall, this is a good book
with a new view of its subject. It should inspire other historians.
United States Forest Service DAVID A. CLARY
Between Sun and Sod: An Informal History of the Texas Panhandle. By
Willie Newbury Lewis. (College Station: Texas A&M University
Press, 1976. Pp. xxii + 178. Illustrations, bibliography, index. $12.50.)
In 1912, when Willie Newbury Lewis went as a bride to the high plains
of the Texas Panhandle with her rancher husband, the rougher aspects
of the frontier had become memories. Yet those memories stuck fast in
the minds of many pioneers, and Mrs. Lewis took the trouble to draw them
out through interviews. The outcome, with some supplementing from pub-
lished sources, was a book, Between Sun and Sod, published in a small
edition in 1938.
Now that book has been brought to life again, with the original illus-
trations by the late Harold D. Bugbee, some added text, and an introduc-
tion by Fred Rathjen. The narrative covers the slaughter of the buffalo
herds, the invasion by the cowmen, the coming of barbed wire to end the
era of free grass, the building of railroads, and the arrival of the early farm-
ers-"fool hoe men," as the ranchers called them. Attention is given to
Doan's Store on the Red River, to the XIT, to Charles Goodnight, to other
ranches and ranchers, and to such towns as Tascosa and Clarendon.
Readers should keep in mind the author's disclaimer that she is not try-
ing to write formal or academic history. Otherwise she might be con-
demned for omitting many important sources in her revised edition, for over-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 81, July 1977 - April, 1978. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101205/. Accessed February 1, 2015.