Southwestern Historical Quarterly
land during the pre-war decade. In a final chapter the authors compare
wealth in Texas with that in other areas and conclude that the levels of
economic inequality in Texas were similar to those elsewhere in the
The authors argue that the economic elite dominated political life in
antebellum Texas. In a chapter previously appearing in this quarterly,
Campbell and Lowe show that two-thirds of the political leaders of
pre-war Texas were slaveholders, although fewer than one-third of the
heads of families in the total population were slaveholders, and that
political leaders were "two to four times richer than the population in
general in terms of all important aspects of wealthholding" (p. ig19).
This is a major work which will be studied and restudied for new
insights and meaning. The comparisons between regions within Texas
and the comparison of Texas with other states will be most instructive
to those seeking a better understanding of social and economic develop-
ments within the state. The ninety tables spread throughout the text
are a rich source of information.
Unlike some of the new cliometricians, the authors present their
findings in a clear, literate manner and avoid the offensive sermonizing
found in some quantitative works. Some readers will wish they had
been able to tell us more about the individuals, rich and poor, who are
represented in their study, as did Edward Pessen in his brilliant Riches,
Class, and Power before the Civil War (1973). In that work Pessen not
only provided his readers a succinct analysis of statistical data for New
York City, Boston, and Philadelphia, but through case studies was able
to present the wealthy as human beings rather than mere statistics.
Perhaps in a later study Campbell and Lowe will also do this for Texas.
This would add an extra dimension to their already valuable work.
Lamar University RALPH A. WOOSTER
Voices of American Fundamentalism: Seven Biographical Studies. By
C. Allyn Russell. (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1976. Pp.
304. Illustrations, bibliography, index. $15.)
A growing body of serious scholarship on American Fundamentalism
in the early twentieth century has related that movement to Anglo-
American millenarianism, to right-wing political activity, and to sev-
eral sectional, class, ecclesiastical, and theological divisions. In this
handsome volume C. Allyn Russell has brought together previously
published essays on seven leaders of the movement and argues per-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 81, July 1977 - April, 1978. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101205/. Accessed July 13, 2014.