The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 81, July 1977 - April, 1978

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

born in the metropolitan Northeast and that its battles with "modern-
ism" raged most spectacularly north of the Mason-Dixon line, where
liberals were strong and numerous enough to provide adequate opposi-
tion. Russell observes, though, that the Fundamentalist crusade often
was led by sons of the Confederacy: Massee, Straton, Norris, Riley, and
Machan. Interestingly, Russell makes little of an arresting fact that
emerges from his biographies. Four of his seven Fundamentalists were
educated at the same southern institution. No scholar has yet examined
the impact on Fundamentalism of the Southern Baptists' thriving
seminary at Louisville. But if Russell's investigation is indicative of
the influence of Southern Theological Seminary, it must have been
This is not the sophisticated, far-ranging, adventurous study of the
"followership" of American Fundamentalism that we need in order
to go beyond Norman F. Furniss's The Fundamentalist Controversy,
1918-1931 (1954). And it should now be read in the light of William
R. Hutchison's superb The Modernist Impulse in American Protest-
antism (1976). Russell's essays, however, are a useful, occasionally pro-
vocative, and always reliable introduction to the more important of
Fundamentalism's sometimes astonishing leaders.
University of Texas at Austin HOWARD MILLER
Hour of Trial: The Conservation Conflict in Colorado and the West,
1891-i907. By G. Michael McCarthy. (Norman: University of
Oklahoma Press, 1977. Pp. xvi+327. Map, illustrations, bibliog-
raphy, index. $12.50.)
Our pioneers accepted the Biblical exhortation to subdue the earth
and stressed their right, by "spirit and custom" to use the land as they
saw fit. But, beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, a few Americans,
deeply concerned over land engrossment and misuse, began urging us
to manage our natural resources.
In Colorado the simmering antagonism between conservationists and
developers boiled over in 1891 when President Benjamin Harrison set
aside the White River Timber Land Reserve. By the time the boister-
ous Denver Public Lands Convention met in 1907 there were fifteen
forest reserves in Colorado, federal coal lands were being withdrawn
from immediate development, grazing on the public domain was taxed,
and it was evident that conservation had become a permanent part of
life in Colorado.


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 81, July 1977 - April, 1978. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed November 26, 2015.