slavery in the Cherokee Nation. His sole contribution is to call atten-
tion to the need for a sound, scholarly study of slavery among the
Cherokees and other southeastern tribes.
University of Texas at Arlington SANDRA L. MYRES
Wilderness Calling: The Hardeman Family in the American Westward
Movement, 1750-900oo. By Nicholas Perkins Hardeman. (Knox-
ville: University of Tennessee Press, 1977. Pp. xiv+357. Preface,
maps, illustrations, bibliography, index. $14.95.)
Much of the westward push of the American frontier is embodied in
this chronicle of a remarkable pioneer family, that of Thomas Harde-
man, who crossed the Appalachians from Virginia to the Cumberland
Basin when Indians still made that a dangerous route. Hardeman was
a leader among those who tamed the wilderness. But instead of retiring
after he had given a farm to each of his children, he followed another
trail to the still rougher Missouri frontier.
Looking for greater independence, opportunity, and security, Harde-
man's children and grandchildren continued the westward advance.
Two of them engaged in the Santa Fe trade. Four served in the Texas
War of Independence. Several became Texas Rangers and fought in
the Mexican War. Three took Texas Longhorns up the Chisholm Trail.
A Texas county was named for the family, three of whom are buried
in the State Cemetery in Austin.
Others of the Hardeman clan made their names known on Pacific
Coast frontiers. One grandson organized a vast wagon train headed for
the Northwest. He was chosen judge of the Oregon Supreme Court but
later followed the gold rush to California, where he worked as a miner
and became that state's first elected governor.
The romantic story of the Hardemans is ably recorded by a modern
member of the family, now a professor of history at California State
University at Long Beach. Fortunately he found in the attic of his
parental home in Missouri a trunk filled with family records and letters.
From many historical depositories he supplemented this source material
to provide corroboration and background. The outcome is a book of
panoramic sweep that helps to give meaning to the westward frontier
The two and a half chapters dealing with Texas, despite the repeated
misspelling of the last name of Jack (John Coffee) Hays, show a detailed
familiarity with early conditions and problems. The whole book, which
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 81, July 1977 - April, 1978. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101205/. Accessed December 7, 2013.