Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Edward M. House, Tasker H. Bliss, and William G. E. Wiseman
papers also went unexplored. Vandiver's handling of Pershing ranks
below the work of Allan Millett on Pershing's contemporary, Robert
L. Bullard, of D. Clayton James on Douglas MacArthur, and of Forrest
C. Pogue on George C. Marshall.
When it comes to Pershing's times, Vandiver's text gives off a stale,
musty aroma that suggests he has not kept up with the literature on
the early years of this century. He did not use H. Wayne Morgan on
William McKinley, Graham A. Cosmas on the army and the Spanish-
American War, John M. Gates on the Philippine insurrection, or
Wilton B. Fowler on William G. E. Wiseman and Anglo-American
relations after the United States entered the First World War. Vandiver
repeats erroneous cliches about McKinley and Mark (Marcus Alonzo)
Hanna; his portrait of Pershing's father-in-law, Senator Francis Emroy
Warren, is much too indulgent: and his command of the American
political scene is uncertain.
The key period of Pershing's life, his leadership of the American
Expeditionary Forces in Europe, is colorfully done, but lacks the in-
sight into Pershing's achievement that other accounts provide. Rela-
tionships with Pershing's subordinates are not always handled clearly,
and the important controversy regarding the "amalgamation" of Ameri-
can troops into the Allied forces in 1917-1918 omits significant details.
Had less space been devoted to the ceremonial and personal aspects
of Pershing's stay in France, and more thought expended on the diplo-
matic and military context of the American participation in the war,
Vandiver's second volume would have been better. As it is, his study
contributes to an understanding of its subject's life, but historians will
look to Donald Smythe's concluding volume for a more comprehensive
review of the role that Pershing played in the First World War.
University of Texas at Austin LEWIS L. GOULD
Democratic Promise: The Populist Movement in America. By Law-
rence Goodwyn. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Pp.
xxvii+718. Introduction, illustrations, maps, afterword, appen-
dixes, bibliographic essay, index. $19.95.)
The agrarian crusade that began in the 188os and culminated in
the Populist revolt of the 18gos was one of America's most significant
epochs. A series of monographs, ranging from contemporary accounts
to scholarly works of the present, has sketched in parts of the story.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 81, July 1977 - April, 1978. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101205/. Accessed July 10, 2014.